Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

German tunnels in Platanias

Platanias is a popular tourist destination located on the north coast of Crete, located between Chania and Maleme. It is only about 13 km from Chania and 7 km from Maleme. These types of holiday resorts, located especially on the northern coast, provide tourists primarily with a hotel base and a broadly defined leisure base. It is rare that, apart from the entertainment sphere, they offer any local tourist attraction related to the local history. The exception to this rule is Platanias, where there are tunnels from World War II. This very interesting place should be visited not only by people interested in this part of the history of Crete.

Tunnels in Platanias

The tunnels, which were cut under the church of Agios Dimitrios in Pano Platanias, were built in 1942 by order of German officers stationed here. One of the surrounding hills has been designated for their location. Within six months, underground corridors with a total length of 120 meters were dug into the soft rock by the hands of forced laborers. Initially, they were used by the Germans as a shelter, and later to store ammunition and weapons. The place of their creation was not accidental. But let's go back a bit in time….


Invasion of Crete

On May 20, 1941, Nazi Germany launched the unprecedented Battle of Crete. An aerial invasion, known as Operation Mercury, met with tremendous resistance from the civilian population. The German paratroopers had a painful taste of the stubbornness with which the Cretans defended their land. On the German side, there were over 3,300 killed and over 2,600 wounded. The losses were so great that Hitler never gave permission to launch an airborne attack on such a large scale. To this day, historians consider this battle as one of the most heroic that took place during World War II.

However, despite the large number of dead and wounded, the Germans managed to capture the airport in nearby Maleme and deploy their troops, artillery and supplies to the island. After the 11-day campaign, the whole of Crete was captured by the Germans, and the Allied forces defending it were either destroyed or forced to evacuate. Some of the German forces were then transferred to Platanias, where the local hill was a good strategic point to control both land and sea. Officers seized the best houses, and barracks were built for ordinary soldiers. Underground tunnels were built at various locations to store ammunition, military equipment and other supplies, and one of the bunkers was to be built on a hill near the main church of the village to protect the structure from Allied attacks. The second advantage of this location was soft limestone, in which you can easily drill tunnels.


Tunnels in Platanias - exhibition

The sacred olive tree

The decision to build tunnels in this place caused panic among the inhabitants of the village. Where did this reaction come from? Well, during the recent battle for Crete, a seriously wounded German pilot died in Platanias. His life could not be saved despite the fact that the residents previously looked after him with care.

Strong fear of reprisals and executions of innocent civilians forced the villagers to secretly bury this soldier not in the local cemetery but in a strict anonymous grave dug right next to St. Demetrius. Unfortunately, a few days after the burial, this exact area was indicated by a German officer as the starting point for excavations for the construction of the shelter. Residents feared that the secret would come to light during the works and would lead to brutal retaliation against the local community. It became obvious to everyone that this could not be allowed to happen.

The intervention of the church commissioner Michalis Stamatakis turned out to be crucial, as he persuaded the Germans to shift the starting point of the excavations by 3 meters. With his boldness and cleverness, he saved the inhabitants of Platanias from a certain mascara.

What argument did Stamatakis use in the talks with the Germans? He argued that the location indicated was not good because the oil from the "holy" olive tree that grew there was used in religious ceremonies. If the excavation was to start in the place indicated by the German officer, the tree would have to be cut down. Fortunately, the German officer was persuaded and the excavation site was moved by a few meters. To this day, the legendary "holy" olive, marked with an appropriate plate, is still located at the main entrance to the shelter.

A tablet with a description of the great olive tree


The fate of the tunnels

It is worth knowing that these tunnels were still used even after the end of World War II. This time, however, not for military purposes, but for typical civilian purposes. Their specific microclimate and the constant low temperature meant that local residents stored their crops here, in particular tomatoes and potatoes. Thus, for many years the tunnels served as a kind of cooling store for vegetables and fruit.

Exits from the tunnels


The tunnels that have been bored here are 120 meters long. In addition to the main entrance, they have two additional external exits and 10 blind chambers. 60 years after their inception, the Platanias Church Committee and the villagers decided to reconstruct this war facility and use it as a small museum from World War II and in memory of the Battle of Crete. Inside, you can see many very interesting exhibits from this period. What moved us especially were the very unique photographs documenting the dramatic moments taking place in various places in Crete. You will also see everyday items from the war times, uniforms, and weapons. Larger exhibits are displayed outside. This place is treated as a monument in honor of the Cretan Resistance Movement against the Nazi occupation.


Tunnels in Platanias - exhibition


Opening hours and the cost of the visit

Entry to the tunnels is free, but at the end of the tour, the persons in charge of this facility ask for a voluntary fee. It is worth to fork out a few euros to support the activities of this very interesting place. The tunnels are open to visitors from 10 am to 12 am and 5:30 pm to 7:45 pm

west
central
east

Interesting places on Crete

↤ click the appropriate part of the island to change the bottom map

Falasarna
Falasarna

Falasarna

W 2002 roku Falasarna zdobyła tytuł najlepszej plaży w Grecji. Wyróżnienie to nie jest bynajmniej przypadkowe, gdyż miejsce to jak na standardy Krety jest naprawdę unikalne.

X
more
Elafonisi
Elafonisi

Elafonisi

Elafonisi is a small island located at the end of the southwestern edge of Crete. A characteristic feature of Elafonisi is the shallow lagoon connecting it with Crete.

X
more
Elafonisi
Elafonisi

Elafonisi

Elafonisi is a small island located at the end of the southwestern edge of Crete. A characteristic feature of Elafonisi is the shallow lagoon connecting it with Crete.

X
more
Chania Airport
Chania Airport

Chania Airport

This is the second largest airport (IATA code: CHQ) in Crete. In 2010, the airport in Chania served a total of over 1.65 million passengers.

X
more
Chania - Xania
Chania - Xania

Chania - Xania

Chania (Χανιά) is the second largest (after Heraklion) city of Crete. The biggest advantage of Chania is the area of the Old Town and the beautiful Venetian Harbor.

X
more
Aptera
Aptera

Aptera

Aptera is a city whose history dates back to at least a thousand years before our era. In the peak period, about 20,000 lived in it. people, of which only 1/5 were free people.

X
more
Chania - Xania
Chania - Xania

Chania - Xania

Chania (Χανιά) is the second largest (after Heraklion) city of Crete. The biggest advantage of Chania is the area of ​​the Old Town and the beautiful Venetian Harbor.

X
more
Sfakia
Sfakia

Sfakia

The genesis of the name of this poviat will not surprise anybody who will break the road from the Imbros gorge to Hora Sfakion.

X
more
Frangokastello
Frangokastello

Frangokastello

Frangokastello is a small fortress that was built by the Venetians over four years from 1371. Initially, the castle was named after Saint Nikitas.

X
more
Hrisoskalitissas
Hrisoskalitissas

Hrisoskalitissas

(Χρυσοσκαλίτισσα) The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary with the Golden Step from the 17th century is the westernmost church building of this type.

X
more
Hrisoskalitissas
Hrisoskalitissas

Hrisoskalitissas

(Χρυσοσκαλίτισσα) The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary with the Golden Step from the 17th century is the westernmost church building of this type.

X
more
The Omalos plateau
The Omalos plateau

The Omalos plateau

Omalos is a perfect starting point for exploring the Samaria Gorge. Located over 1,100 m above sea level extends over an area of 25 km2. Its size corresponds more or less to the size of the Lasithi Plateau.

X
more
Kournas
Kournas

Kournas

Located 47 km from the city of Chania, it is the only freshwater lake in Crete. Its area is about 580 thousand. sqm. and the maximum depth is about 45 meters

X
more
The Omalos plateau
The Omalos plateau

The Omalos plateau

Omalos is a perfect starting point for exploring the Samaria Gorge. Located over 1,100 m above sea level extends over an area of 25 km2. Its size corresponds more or less to the size of the Lasithi Plateau.

X
more
Aradena
Aradena

Aradena

The steel crossing, which in the central part is separated from the ground by nearly 150 m, is at the leading position of the places where the longest bungee jumps are made.

X
more
Chania - Xania
Chania - Xania

Chania - Xania

Chania (Χανιά) is the second largest (after Heraklion) city of Crete. The biggest advantage of Chania is the area of the Old Town and the beautiful Venetian Harbor.

X
more
Sfakia
Sfakia

Sfakia

The genesis of the name of this poviat will not surprise anybody who will break the road from the Imbros gorge to Hora Sfakion. Word

X
more
Chania Airport
Chania Airport

Chania Airport

This is the second largest airport (IATA code: CHQ) in Crete. In 2010, the airport in Chania served a total of over 1.65 million passengers.

X
more
Chora Sfakion
Chora Sfakion

Chora Sfakion

Chora Sfakion is an extremely picturesque mountain village of the mountainous and wild Sfakia region

X
more
Loutro
Loutro

Loutro

Loutro is famous for the fact that you can get to it only from the sea or walk on the mountain trail, because there is no other road here.

X
more
Stavros
Stavros

Stavros

Stavros used to be a small fishing village. Today, it is primarily a tourist destination, but in a positive sense.

X
more
Bear's Cave
Bear's Cave

Bear's Cave

The cave is less than 1 km from Moni Gouvernetou Monastery. You will reach it using the pedestrian trail that has been marked out along the slope of the Avlaki Gorge.

X
more
Balos Lagoon
Balos Lagoon

Balos Lagoon

Balos is one of Crete's flagship beaches if not all of Greece. We can assure you that the landscapes you see during your trip to Balos will remain with you for a very long time.

X
more
Moni Katholiko
Moni Katholiko

Moni Katholiko

Moni Katholiko is probably the oldest and most spectacular monastery in Crete. It is located 20 km north-east of Chania.

X
more
Agia Triada Monastery
Agia Triada Monastery

Agia Triada Monastery

The Orthodox monastery of Agia Triada, located on the northern part of the Akrotiri peninsula, is one of the most beautiful and richest monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Agia Triada Monastery
Agia Triada Monastery

Agia Triada Monastery

The Orthodox monastery of Agia Triada, located on the northern part of the Akrotiri peninsula, is one of the most beautiful and richest monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Gouverneto Monastery
Gouverneto Monastery

Gouverneto Monastery

Gouverneto Monastery is probably the oldest active Greek Catholic monastery located on the Akrotiri peninsula near Chania.

X
more
Imbros
Imbros

Imbros

The length of the trail leading through this place is about 8 kilometers and the difference in altitude is about 600m.

X
more
Agia Roumeli
Agia Roumeli

Agia Roumeli

Agia Roumeli znajduje się na południowym wybrzeżu Prefektury Chania, pomiędzy miejscowościami Chora Sfakion i Paleochora.

X
more
Souda
Souda

Souda

Until the early nineties, this place was known only to few tourists and local residents.

X
more
Paleochora
Paleochora

Paleochora

Paleochora is a quite well-organized tourist town, with a beautiful large sandy beach

X
more
Lissos
Lissos

Lissos

Ruiny starożytnego miasta Lissos znajdują się około 3,5 km od miejscowości Sougia na południowym wybrzeżu Krety.

X
more
Samaria
Samaria

Samaria

Samaria is one of the most important tourist attractions located in the western part of Crete.

X
more
Glyka Nera
Glyka Nera

Glyka Nera

Glyka Nera is one of the most spectacular beaches in Crete.

X
more
Sougia
Sougia

Sougia

Sougia is a small town located in the southwest of Crete.

X
more
Falasarna (excavations)
Falasarna (excavations)

Falasarna (excavations)

On the north-western coast of Crete, at the foot of the Gramovous peninsula, there are ruins of the ancient port of Korikos, later known as Falassarna.

X
more
Krios
Krios

Krios

Krios Beach is located about 9 km west of Paleochora and it is also the last beach on this stretch of the southern coast

X
more
Agia Sofia
Agia Sofia

Agia Sofia

Between the villages of Topolia and Koutsamatados there is an interesting cave known as Agia Sofia

X
more
Milia
Milia

Milia

Milia is an authentic mountain settlement, which most probably dates from about the seventeenth century.

X
more
Potamida
Potamida

Potamida

On the edge of the village of Potamida grows a complex of clay mounds called Komolithi (Komolithoi)

X
more
Grammeno
Grammeno

Grammeno

Grammeno (Γραμμένο) is a beach that can be counted among one of the best and most beautiful beaches in this part of Crete.

X
more
Platanias
German tunnels
Platanias<br/> German tunnels

Platanias
German tunnels

Platanias is a popular tourist destination. It is here that there are very interesting tunnels from World War II.

X
more
Polirynia
Polirynia

Polirynia

Polyrinia was one of the most important city-states of western Crete during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. It was built amphitheater on a steep hill, rising to a height of 481 meters above sea level

X
more
Agia Irini
Agia Irini

Agia Irini

The Agia Irini gorge, just a short distance from the village of Sougia, is one of the most popular hiking destinations.

X
more
Gramvous
Gramvous

Gramvous

The island of Gramvousa, or in fact Imeri Gramvousa (Ήμερη Γραμβούσα), is an inseparable point of a trip that combines a stay in the Balos Lagoon with visiting the remains of a fortress located on the top of the island of Imeri Gramovousa.

X
more
Data publikacji:
Data modyfikacji:
Średnia: 5
Liczba ocen: 2
  • 0.5
  • 1.0
  • 1.5
  • 2.0
  • 2.5
  • 3.0
  • 3.5
  • 4.0
  • 4.5
  • 5.0
 
 
Oceniłeś na:
 
Kreta informacje 5 na 5 (0) liczba ocen 2
Wszystkie treści i zdjęcia występujące w serwisie są naszą własnością.
Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.

Komentarze

 Mariola Maj
Mariola Maj
2020-02-10 19:04:53

Maleme zrobilo na mnie ogromne wrazenie: piekny cmentarz....szkoda mlodych chlopcow....przeklete wojny

 Wojtek Arciszewski
Wojtek Arciszewski
2020-02-10 23:26:33

Mariola Maj Też byliśmy na tym cmentarzu w Maleme, lecz odczucia mieliśmy inne. Tych poległych Niemców nikt na Kretę nie zapraszał. „Wprosili” się siłą , siejąc zniszczenie i śmierć. Kreta do dzisiaj to pamięta, aczkolwiek szanuje cmentarze . Niedaleko portu Souda jest cmentarz aliancki, gdzie leżą obrońcy Krety, w tym i jeden polski lotnik.

3
 Mariola Maj
Mariola Maj
2020-02-11 06:23:44

I owszem,ale coz ..

 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2020-02-11 07:50:50

Przygnębiające miejsce też jest w Kandanos, gdzie Niemcy dokonali rzezi wśród mieszkańców. Wybili nawet zwierzęta aby ci co przeżyli nie mieli co jeść. Teraz jest tam tylko pomnik i kilka tablic. Nic wielkiego. Jednak ci co przeżyli i ich potomkowie nadal pamiętają.

1
 Joanna Gumienna- Zalewska
Joanna Gumienna- Zalewska
2020-02-10 21:26:35

Mieszkaliśmy w Agia Marina, w Platanias byliśmy niemal codziennie, jaka szkoda, że nie wiedzieliśmy o nich :/

2
 Iwona Skubis
Iwona Skubis
2020-02-10 22:23:30

Joanna Gumienna- Zalewska dokładnie tak samo pomyślałam przed chwilą. To

 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2020-02-11 07:45:09

Mamy wrażenie że sporo osób które wypoczywają w tej okolicy nie wie o istnieniu tych tuneli. Może są mało reklamowane przez miejscowych.

1
 Gosiak Kawalec
Gosiak Kawalec
2020-02-11 08:44:34

Joanna Gumienna- Zalewska wypoczywaliśmy w tym rejonie, szkoda że nie wiedzieliśmy o tunelach

 Kinga Lademann
Kinga Lademann
2020-02-15 18:32:41

Platanias.. to tam 3 lata temu wszystko się zaczęło ❤️

1
 gość}
gość Janina
2021-06-01 19:22:54

Cmentarz w Maleme

Polecam poczytać nazwiska na tabliczkach nagrobnych - wiele polskich, prawdopodobnie chłopaki ze śląska, w większości bardzo młodzi. Zachęcam do poczytania o tej dramatycznej bitwie (np Kreta 1941, aut. Callum MacDonald). Ale o tunelach też nie wiedziałam.

 

Wypełnij poniższy formularz aby dodać komentarz

lub kliknij w poniższy link aby skorzystać z możliwosci komentowania przez facebooka:
https://www.facebook.com/crete.poland/posts/10156837316587551

Nazwa użytkownika:

Adres e-mail:

Tytuł:

Treść:

Przepisz kod z obrazka:
Kod obrazka

Wpisanie prawidowego kodu oznacza zgodę na przetwarzanie danych w celu wyświetlania komentarza.
Kontakt Administratorem Danych Osobowych zgromadzonych na stronie możliwy jest pod adresem mailowym [email protected]

Zapisz komentarz
Zapisz komentarz

Inne strony tej kategorii

Gonates, or climbing Plakias

Gonates, or climbing Plakias

If you will be in Plakias one day, you will definitely pay attention to the characteristic monumental rock located at the eastern end of the beach called Paligremnos. Gonates is a huge smooth vertical cliffs rising to a height of about 80 meters and is one of the best places for practicing rock climbing in Crete.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 on the seabed in Anissara

Messerschmitt Bf 109 on the seabed in Anissara

In the village of Anissara, near Hersonissos, you can admire the remains of Messerschmitt Bf 109, which, 800 meters from the shoreline, rest on the seabed. It was a relatively small one-seater machine, which was the basic type of fighter aircraft used by the German air force. Today for wreckers, this wreck is one of the biggest attractions that can be enjoyed in the middle of Crete.

Faros - lighthouse in Chania

Faros - lighthouse in Chania

The lighthouse in Chania (Faros - Φάρος) was established for six years from 1595. Like many other buildings of this type and fortifications, it was built by the Venetians who ruled then with Crete. Apart from the obvious function of traffic lights, this building was also of strategic importance. Along with the fortress Frikas located on the opposite coast, it created a gate that closed access to the port basin.

Booking.com

Polecamy:

Oliwa i kosmetyki organiczne Olivaloe


Parklot

Najnowsze komentarze:

Super spacer.
Początek troche nudny ale koncówka piękna :)
W Paleochorze polecam tavernę Methexis
Polecam. Fantastyczne wrażenia i przeżycie wspaniałej przygody.
Wracam tam w sierpniu
Właśnie przyleciałam i już tego nie zobaczę. Zniknęło i dobrze!
JoAsia Adaszyńska Penar to Ty???
Coraz więcej idiotów na tym świecie
Już wyczyszczono to paskudztwo... https://hania.news/2021/10/16/%ce%9a%ce%b1%ce%b8%ce%ac%cf%81%ce%b9%cf%83%ce%b1%ce%bd-%ce%ac%ce%bc%ce%b5%cf%83%ce%b1-%cf%84%ce%b7%ce%bd-%ce%b1%ce%b8%ce%bb%ce%b9%cf%8c%cf%84%ce%b7%cf%84%ce%b1-%ce%b1%cf%80%cf%8c-%cf%84%ce%bf%ce%bd/
Malaka!
Bo ludzie głupieją hurtowo.
Debili nigdzie nie brakuje widzę
Obrzydliwe
gość Joanna: Widzieliśmy w tym roku przedziwne odciski w skałach na Balos i plaży Damnoni. Zażartowaliśmy sobie nawet,że to pewnie nasi prehistoryczni przodkowie i zwierzęta (ewidentne odciski łap) a tu się okazuje,że mogliśmy mieć rację
Uwielbiam Kretę, boli gdy się o tym czyta.
A jednak!
Dopiero co tam byliśmy
Właśnie się wybieram. Drugi raz w tym roku, nie wiem który w ogóle. Crete ❤️
gość dodekanezowiec: "Przywykliśmy uważać, że Afryka jest kolebką ludzkości" - a Kreta to taka wyspa między Europą a Afryką. Tak jak Rodos i Kos to już de facto Azja (tym bardziej Cypr). Stąd mnie jakoś ciągnie do tych bardziej południowych wysp niż np. europejskiego Zakynthos :)  
Każdy Grek ci powie, że pierwszy człowiek na ziemi był... Grekiem :)
Możecie posłuchać świetny podcast Radio 357 z cyklu,,Ewolucjonisci..." autorstwa Iza Woźniak .Iza w tym roku nagrywała materiał na ten temat w Polsce i na Krecie . Będzie ciąg dalszy.... https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1174695223043639&id=100015095179170
Shame
9
Parklot

Ciekawe miejsca na Krecie

CRETE Copyright © 2009-21 Linki | Kontakt | Polityka prywatności | Kontakt | Newsletter
ukryj
Zapisz się do
Newslettera