Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Excavations at Trypitos

The east end of Crete is a region rich in the most diverse archaeological sites. Most often these are the remains of small but closely located sediments. Thanks to this, spending a few days in this region of the island, you can easily visit many of the archaeological excavations.

One such place is the small promontory of Tripitos (Trypitos - Τρυπητος) located approximately 3 km from the modern Cretan city of Sitia. It is here that the remains of the Hellenic city dating back to 350-50 BC have been found, which is probably identified with the ancient city of Eteia.

Trypitos

Accidental discovery

In 1960, contemporary landowners located on this promontory divided it into lots (plots) with a view to earmarking them for cultivation. Heavy equipment entered the designated area, whose task was to dig and level the terrain. However, it soon turned out that instead of doing this work, the discovery of the old city located in this place was made. Since 1987, regular archaeological excavations have been started here under the direction of the famous Cretan archaeologist Nikos Papadakis. Unfortunately, heavy machines, which were used during the initial earthworks commissioned by the owners of this land, irretrievably damaged some of the ancient buildings.

Papadakis discovered here a hellenistic city with terraced buildings, which covers almost the entire surface of the headland. The largest fragment of the city that has been discovered so far is located in its eastern part. From the southern side, it is secured by a solid wall with a maximum width of almost 2 meters.

The inner part of the settlement is made up of remains of houses and other structures as well as military facilities. The most important room is 7.5 x 5 m, and in its central part there is a rectangular fireplace made of rock slabs. The furnace is surrounded by benches built on the plan of the letter U and attached to the wall. The inhabitants of the city then sat on them, and the room itself probably served religious practices.

Trypitos - excavations


From other important discoveries, it is worth mentioning the warehouse and water cisterns as well as the cobbled streets that have been preserved in quite good condition. One of the main streets seems to even distribute this settlement to two districts. An important find is also the remains of the port and shipyard.

The yard is located on the southern edge of the eastern side of the cape. It is a large rectangular hole hewn in rock, 30 meters long, 5.5 meters wide and 5 meters high. Its bottom is inclined at an angle of 15-30 degrees towards the sea. On the basis of dimensions, it was calculated that the ships using this yard were of medium size. Currently, due to geological changes, which the island underwent (the decline of the eastern part of Crete), this area is under water.

Traces located on the surface of the rock indicate that in the place of the ancient shipyard there were wooden structures used for towing and for fixing the ship. There was probably a roof over the shipyard, however, its remains have not survived to our times, so it is difficult to say about the correctness of these guesses.

In the ruins of the homesteads, archaeologists have found a large number of coins, ceramics and jewelery. Among the most important discoveries is a series of coins minted in the local mint. Some of these artefacts are exhibited at the Archaeological Museum in the nearby town of Sitia. The founder of this facility was the archaeologist Nikos Papadakis, or the discoverer of Tripitos.


Sunset over Sitia

Promontos is a climatic place and archaeological site, which in addition to the possibility of communing with antiquity also offers the opportunity to admire an amazing panorama including a beautiful view of the city of Sitia and the waters of the nearby bay on the eastern side of the promontory.

Strolling along the cobbled streets of the old city among the remains of stone buildings, underfoot we find a lot of crumbled remnants of ancient clay pots. What was less valuable or destroyed archaeologists left in place, thanks to which you can almost feel the "breath" of this ancient city. It is also worth coming here to the sunset, because it creates a beautiful spectacle in this place. On the one hand, you can admire the promontory as if Sitia surrounded by the last raysiami the sun, and on the other side you can see the sea, which with the passage of minutes changes its color to pink-blue.


Trypitos - sunset

How to get

The excavations are located just off the road connecting Sitia to the town of Agia Fotia. Getting to this place is relatively easy and does not require any major orientation in the area. When leaving Sitia, it is enough to head east, following the signs pointing to the Vai beach. At a distance of about 1.5 kilometers from the city limits, look for a characteristic brown signpost with the name Tripitos. After turning left and entering the spitway, drive to the end of the paved road. Just before the not too solid fence that surrounds the Tripitos area, you can leave your car. In 2015, the admission was free and the excavations themselves were devoid of visible supervision.

Trypitos

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Interesting places on Crete

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Malia
Malia

Malia

Information about one of the more known tourist cities of Crete, or about Malia. Description of attractions located in the city of Malia and a description of the specificity of this town.

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Kritsa
Kritsa

Kritsa

Kritsa is one of the largest villages in Crete. The village has a lot of shops with local crafts.

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Lasithi
Lasithi

Lasithi

The Lasithi Plateau is located about 70 kilometers from the capital of Crete - Heraklion. The average height at which the terrain of this plateau is located is 840 m above sea level.

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Dikte Cave
Dikte Cave

Dikte Cave

One of the tourist attractions eagerly visited by people spending their holidays in Crete is the Dikte (Psychro) cave. The main factors that attract people to this cave are a rich and varied dripstone robe and a close connection with mythology.

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Panagia Kera
Panagia Kera

Panagia Kera

Among the olive groves in the place called Logari, which is less than a kilometer from the village of Kritsa, there is a small Byzantine church of Panagia Kera from the 13th-14th centuries.

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Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

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Gorge Ha
Gorge Ha

Gorge Ha

Most people crossing the route between Agios Nikolaos and Ierapetra will definitely notice the large crack which is marked by the mountain located east of this road. This majestic geological creation called Ha was probably created as a result of an earthquake.

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Xerokambos
Xerokambos

Xerokambos

Xerokambos is a small settlement in which you will find literally several taverns, and most of the buildings are single-storey and one-story houses. The big advantage of this beach is a gentle sandy descent to the sea.

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Agios Nikolaos
Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος) is a small town with less than 20,000 inhabitants. permanent residents (according to statistical data from 2001). This city is the capital of the Lasithi nomos.

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Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

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Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

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Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

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Lato
Lato

Lato

The ancient city of the LATO can be found near the charming village of Krista near Agios Nikolaos.

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Gournia
Gournia

Gournia

It is recognized that Gournia was inhabited between 3000 BC. 1,200 BC and is one of the few cities unearthed to a large extent.

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Zakros
Zakros

Zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

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zakros
zakros

zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

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Palace in Malia
Palace in Malia

Palace in Malia

The first palace was built around 1900 BC. in the place where there was a quite impressive settlement whose remains were later transformed into the central part of the city.

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Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

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Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

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Mochlos
Mochlos

Mochlos

Mochlos is a small town located roughly halfway between Agios Nikolaos and Sitia.

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Vai
Vai

Vai

O Vai zrobiło się głośno, gdy w latach 70-tych na tle palmowego gaju nakręcono reklamę kokosowych batoników Bounty.

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Spinalonga
Spinalonga

Spinalonga

This inconspicuous little island located about 5 km from the center of Elounda is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Crete.

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Trypitos
Trypitos

Trypitos

When heavy equipment entered the promontory near Sitia, no one expected that this area contained the ruins of the Hellenic city.

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Richtis
Richtis

Richtis

The abundance of water and shade mean that even at the peak of the tourist season, this place is full of lush vegetation.

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Chamaizi
Chamaizi

Chamaizi

At the top of a cone-shaped hill called Souvloto Mouri, the remains of an unusual building with a unique oval shape were discovered.

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Moni Toplou Winery
Itanos
Itanos

Itanos

The ruins of the ancient city of Itanos are located at the eastern tip of Crete, less than 3 kilometers north of the famous palm beach of Vai. Although there are also nice beaches at Itanos, unlike its well-known neighbor, this place does not attract crowds. There are either accidental stray tourists or excavation enthusiasts here.

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Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

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Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

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Ierapetra
Ierapetra

Ierapetra

Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα) is the fourth largest city of Crete and also the largest town located in the Lassithi prefecture.

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Diaskari - Green Beach
Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari Beach, also known as Green Beach, is less than 3 km from Makry Gialos.

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Koufonissi - cruise to the island
Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi is a small island in the Libyan Sea, located just a stone's throw from the southern coast of Crete.

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Makry Gialos
Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos is one of the less-appreciated tourist destinations in Crete.

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Sitia
Sitia

Sitia

Less than 10,000 population of Sitia makes the city the smallest in Crete. Some even go a step further and say perversely that it is rather the largest village of Crete.

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Napoleon's house
Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house is one of the few typically tourist attractions in Ierapetra. About what could have happened here in the summer of 1798 and possibly how much in this legend is the truth we write in the article on the page below.

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Zakros and Kato Zakros
Zakros and Kato Zakros

Zakros and Kato Zakros

Zakros is a small town on the east coast of Crete, less than 40 km south-east of Sitia.

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Moni Kpasa
Moni Kpasa

Moni Kpasa

Moni Kapsa Monastery is one of the most interesting monasteries in Crete. Its massive buildings were erected on rocky, gray slopes surrounding the nearby Pervolakia Gorge.

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Aptera - a city without wings

Aptera - a city without wings

The name Aptera means no more or less without wings and is a direct reference to the legendary musical duel for which the Muses were challenged by Sirens, who were half-women and half-birds at the time. They did not have anyone in their territory who would be a worthy opponent in their singing and music. However, the duel with the Muses lost, and crushed by the result of the competition, they threw their wings and feathers to Soudha Bay. According to legends, today we can admire them as islands located at the mouth of the bay.

Excavations at Chamaizi

Excavations at Chamaizi

11 km from the city of Sitia, near the modern village of Chamaizi, there is a small archaeological site. At the top of a cone-shaped hill called Souvloto Mouri, the remains of an unusual building with a unique oval shape were discovered. Despite its small size, it is one of the most important discoveries that comes from the Central Minoan period. So far, it is the only oval building from Crete in this period.

Palace in Malia (Μάλια)

Palace in Malia (Μάλια)

The first Palace was built around 1900 BC in the place where there was a quite impressive settlement, whose remains were later transformed into the central part of the city. Very little is known about this palace, although some fragments of the floors and its walls have been preserved and encountered during works carried out in the younger buildings. This palace survived until 1700 BC when it was destroyed, and in its place the Second Palace was built, in many respects similar to the first one. It is its ruins that you can admire today, its end was laid in 1450 BC, when all the Minoan centers in Crete were destroyed.

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