The Archaeological Museum of Heraklion is one of the most important and largest museums in Greece and one of the most important in Europe. The permanent exhibition of the museum contains unique works of art and Cretan history from excavations from the central and eastern parts of the island. It covers all periods of Crete's history and prehistory from the 5,500 years range from the Neolithic to the Roman times. The museum collections include sculptures, frescos, ceramics, tools, jewelry, various metal objects, seals, tombstones and many more. It is here that the famous finds such as the Fajstos disk, goddess figurine with snakes, double axes, precious ritons or pendant with bees found in the palace in Malia are stored.
The beginnings of the activity date back to the turn of the 19th / 20th centuries when the first archaeological collection was created on the initiative of Józef Chatzidakis, who became famous for archaeological work carried out in Tylissos and the first excavations in the palace in Malia . At the beginning of the activity aimed at creating the museum Chatzidakis obtained permission from the Ottoman authorities. The first collections were placed in the courtyard of the Agios Minas cathedral. They were small and they were based on donations and first small excavations in Crete. The change at the discovery of the Minoan palaces brought about a change, and many important finds constituting the present exhibits of the museum joined the collections for many years.
The construction of the building, which now houses the museum, began in 1937 according to the plans of the architect Patroclus Karantinos. World War II created a huge threat to the museum's ancient collections, but they survived thanks to the efforts made by Professor Nikolaos Plato. It was Plato who oversaw the re-exhibition of the treasures of the museum when they were opened in 1952 to the public. This is not the only merit of this archaeologist. A few years after the museum was opened, he undertook intensive work at the palace in Zakros .
Golden pendant with bees found in the palace in Malia
In the early years of the museum's activity, the exhibition presented the chronological development of the Minoan civilization in Crete, the history of archaeological research and the great discoveries of the Minoan palaces from the beginning of the 20th century. Over the following years, the museum was enriched with new collections also from private individuals, and in 1964 a new wing of the museum building was created.
The year 1987 brought many changes to the building's systems. New electrical installation, air conditioning, fire protection systems and others have been created. Subsequent repairs increased the level of security of the exhibits exhibited.
Between November 13, 2006 and May 6, 2014, another long-term renovation took place, for which from 25 July 2007 a temporary exhibition covering 350 sq m was created, on which the most important finds were presented. The progressing renovation and extension was caused by the change of the scope of works and the discovery of the remains of a medieval monastery in the area occupied by the museum building. Thanks to the changes, the Archaeological Museum in Heraklion has gained new spacious rooms, modern installations and finishing. A glance at these modern rooms, corridors or even toilets is enough to state that the Greeks did the work at the highest level.
Since the summer of 2014, the Archaeological Museum in Heraklion has been open to visitors daily between the hours of 8 and 20, as well as 32 other important museums and archaeological sites throughout Greece.
In addition to expanding the collection, protecting and presenting the Museum, it also organizes temporary exhibitions in Greece and abroad, cooperates with scientific institutions and organizes many cultural events.
The Archaeological Museum is located in the very center of Heraklion , next to one of the main central squares of Eleftherias. For people who plan an individual journey by rented car, we recommend visiting the museum on Sunday. On this day of the week, there is less traffic on the streets of Heraklion , which definitely facilitates moving around this city. It is also much easier to find a free parking space, which does not require a special ticket on Sundays.
Admission tickets cost: normal 10 €, reduced: 5 €, for 16 € (normal) and 8 € (reduced) you can buy a combined ticket entitling you to enter the museum and excavations at Knossos . This ticket is valid for three days. Discounted tickets are available to EU citizens over 65 years of age. and students. Children and adolescents under 18 years of age they have free entry.
Entrance to the museum is free on the following days: March 6, June 5, April 18 (International Monuments Day), May 18 (International Museum Day), last weekend of September (European Heritage Days), every first Sunday from November 1 to March 31 , October 28.
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Knossos is one of the flagship monuments visited by tourists, it is also the most popular place where organized trips go.
Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest city in Greece.
Dozens of craft workshops located in this small mountain village make Margarites one of the four main centers where traditional Cretan ceramics are made.
International airport. Nikos Kazantzakis in Heraklion is currently the largest airport in Crete.
Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest Greek city.
The date of the foundation of Moni Arkadiou (Arkadi) is not exactly known. According to tradition, the name of this church refers to the name of the Emperor Arkadiusz, who supposedly was to be its founder.
Rethymnon with around 40,000 inhabitants are the third largest city of Crete. This place was populated already in the Minoan period. Historically, the city was an important commercial center.
Thrapsano is a small town inhabited by slightly over 2,500 people, the vast majority of which until recently maintained their activity as a potter.
Skinaria is a small beach located along a small bay, whose outlet on both sides ends with a rocky coast. It is still a little-known place overlooked by mass tourism
According to Greek mythology, Zeus hid (and perhaps even gave birth) in the Ida cave. This myth is the greatest asset of this cave, which is not as interesting and beautiful as the Dikte cave.
Plakias is a perfect place for people who like to spend time hiking. In the area of the town and the surrounding area, there are several hiking trails that lead to interesting beaches.
The Kourtaliotiko Gorge, also known as the Asomatos Gorge, is perhaps one of the most spectacular natural attractions available in the central part of Crete.
Agia Triada is a small Minoan archaeological site in the south of Crete, located near Timpaki, located on the western slope of the hill about 40 meters above sea level.
Około 60 kilometrów na południowy zachód od stolicy Krety - Heraklionu znajdują się ruiny drugiego co do wielkości starożytnego pałacu - Fajstos.
Currently, Melidoni Cave (originally called Gerontospilios) is associated mainly with the tragic events that took place here in 1824.
This fortress is a perfect example of Crete's multiculturalism. Located today in Greek hands, it was built by the Venetians, but is called a name taken from the Turkish language.
Tylissos is one of the few places in Crete that has kept its name since ancient times.
Plaża w Damnoni jest położona po sąsiedzku z Plakias - popularną turystyczną miejscowością
Agios Pavlos is a small town located on the southern coast of Crete near Saktouria.
Triopetra is located at the foot of the Siderotas mountain about 52 km south of Rethymno.
gia Galini (Αγία Γαλήνη) jest jednym z najpopularniejszych nadmorskich kurortów na południowym wybrzeżu Krety.
The observatory is located at the top of the Skinakas mountain at an altitude of 1750 m. The idea for its construction was born in 1984.
The Late-Romanesque cemetery in Armeni is located on the outskirts of this town, located less than 10 km south of the center of Rethymno.
The museum presents the dramatic history of Crete written over the last several hundred years.
The modern settlement known as Argyroupolis was built on the site of the ancient city of Lappa (also called Lambi)
Lentas is a good idea for those who want to get away from villages steeped in industrial tourism.
This ancient quarry, consisting of two parts by modern times, is called Λαβυρινθάκι and Λαβύρινθος.
If anyone of you is looking for a good restaurant near Matala and Kalamaki, then we would like to recommend estiório Chrisopigi.
Psiloritis (Timios Stavros - Holy Cross) is the top of the highest mountain of Crete, rising to 2456 m above sea level.
Rouvas Gorge is one of the most interesting places in this part of Crete. The interesting trail leads in a perfect way to the changing appearance of this gorge.
Matala is one of the most popular towns not only of the southern coast but also of the whole of Crete. In the 1960s and 1970s, this small fishing village was a mecca for hippies.
The Odigitrias Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries of southern Crete. Unfortunately, in terms of popularity, he is far from other Cretan monasteries.
Kali Limenes (meaning Dobre Porty or Piękny Przystanie) is a coastal town located in the Asterousia Mountains on the southern coast of Crete.
In addition to the famous grand palaces on the island in the Minoan period, a number of smaller residences were created. One of the most important examples is the Vathipetro discovered about 5 km north of Archanes, on the southeastern slope of Mount Juchtas in the central part of Crete.
When traveling around Crete, it is not difficult to pay attention to the fact that most of the beaches there are relatively small and short. For this reason, people who are used to our national Baltic standards, where the sandy coast stretches for kilometers, may experience a special disappointment. However, fortunately, nothing is lost, because Crete in its rich arsenal of various beaches can boast of those that allow for long walks along the coast. One of them, our favorite is the Kommos beach located in the south of the central part of the island.
Although there are countless caves in Crete, only a few can be visited. Sfendoni is the largest cave open to the public. content comes from: http://www.crete.pl www.CRETE.pl
If you would like to see how the everyday life of the inhabitants of Crete used to be, then you must visit the Museum of History and Folk Art in the center of the Old Town of Rethymno. The exposition gathered in several exhibition halls, unlike those presented in archaeological museums, focuses in most cases on objects from a relatively close past. Usually, these are things that were in everyday surroundings and were used by the Cretans living at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
The Archeological Museum in Eleftherna is still a 'fresh' attraction, which we attach to our map of places to visit in Crete. Even before the opening, it was one of the most anticipated and unique investments carried out over the past few years. What constitutes the uniqueness of this museum is above all the findings from beyond the period of Minoan culture. Visitors to this place can learn about the remains of the Greek civilization described by Homer.
Most of the Cretan museums refer to the history of the island with their exhibits, whose history dates back to the distant ancient times. However, this should not be surprising, because Crete is a real treasury full of this type of artifacts. It is worth remembering, however, that the island also has an equally interesting and equally dramatic history written over the last several hundred years. The exhibits gathered in the Military Museum in Chromonastiri refer to this subject, much closer to our times.