Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Melidoni Cave (Gerontospilios)

Currently, Melidoni Cave (originally called Gerontospilios) is associated mainly with the tragic events that took place here in 1824. Archaeological excavations carried out in this place, however, prove that the history of this beautiful cave is much longer and goes back to Neolithic times. During the reign of Minoans there was one of the important places of worship here. Mention of Melidoni also appear in legends and myths, according to which the bronze giant Talos was to be protected. Today, the Melidoni cave is worth visiting not only because of its extensive history, but also for its beautiful dripstone creations. Constant low temperature prevailing in this cave will also allow you even a moment to rest from the heat of the Cretan summer.

The history of the cave

Illegal excavations conducted here in 1940 confirmed that the cave had been inhabited continuously from the Neolithic times up to Roman times. Over the course of hundreds of years, however, the function of Melidoni has changed. Initially, the cave was used as a place of residence, but in early pre-Roman times it was already a place of worship, where Hermes Tallaios was worshiped (in the ancient ancient language of Crete Talos probably means "sun"). Archaeological findings from the cave are displayed at the Archaeological Museum in Rethymnon.

Melidoni - cave plan

It is highly probable that Melidoni cave still has many secrets. This was confirmed by research carried out in 1998 in the area of ​​sediment in the entrance to the cave. On the excavated walls, several inscriptions made with cuneiform writing were discovered. Archaeologists assume that the subsequent work will reveal further inscriptions that will greatly expand our knowledge of the functions of the Gerontospilios cave in antiquity.

According to myths and legends Melidoni also served as a place of refuge for Talos. It was a bronze giant, which, depending on the application, was created by Hephaestus or Dedal. Handed over to King Minos, he protected the inhabitants of Crete from invaders. Several times a day he roamed the coast of the island, attacking every stranger he encountered. The end of his reign was laid by the Argonauts' expedition, who, under the leadership of Jason, exterminated this giant. Knowing his weak point in the foot, Medea made the monster bleed.


Heroes' Hall


Today, however, the cave is best known for the tragic role it played during the liberation struggles that took place in 1824. At the end of 1823, the Gerontospilios cave became a place of refuge for almost 370 residents of the Melidoni village, mainly women and children fleeing the Ottoman army. When this fact was discovered by the Turks, the commander of the army, Hussein Bejt, demanded that the Cretans leave the cave. In spite of several attempts, Turkish troops could not force the villagers of Melidoni to leave. The result was not even peace talks. The situation was significantly tightened when the Cretans killed two Ottoman emissaries. The Turkish commander decided that the entrance to the cave should be collapsed and the inflow of fresh air would be cut off. However, even such a drastic step did not force the Cretans to leave the Gerontospilios cave. At the order of Husayn Bejt, a huge bonfire was lit in the entrance. Smoke flowing into the inside of the cave caused all the refugees from the village of Melidoni to suffocate. Today in the central part of the cave is a monument commemorating the victims of these tragic events, which to this day are still vividly recalled by the Cretans.

How to get

Melidoni Cave is located roughly halfway between Rethymnon and Heraklion . Take advantage of the exit from the New National Road, located near Exantis. The road to Melidoni is relatively well marked with clear signposts that will lead you to a small parking lot at the end of a blind road. In our opinion, it is worth visiting this cave, the more so because it's closeCaring right next to the New National Road will certainly allow you to join her tour for a trip to another place located in this area of ​​Crete. For visitors Melidoni is available from the turn of April / May to October. The admission ticket costs 3 €.

Melidoni - access map

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Interesting places on Crete

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Knossos
Knossos

Knossos

Knossos is one of the flagship monuments visited by tourists, it is also the most popular place where organized trips go.

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Heraklion
Heraklion

Heraklion

Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest Greek city.

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Margarites
Margarites

Margarites

Dozens of craft workshops located in this small mountain village make Margarites one of the four main centers where traditional Cretan ceramics are made.

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Heraklion - airport
Heraklion - airport

Heraklion - airport

International airport. Nikos Kazantzakis in Heraklion is currently the largest airport in Crete.

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Heraklion
Heraklion

Heraklion

Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest Greek city.

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Moni Arkadiou
Moni Arkadiou

Moni Arkadiou

The date of the foundation of Moni Arkadiou (Arkadi) is not exactly known. According to tradition, the name of this church refers to the name of the Emperor Arkadiusz, who supposedly was to be its founder.

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Moni Arkadiou
Moni Arkadiou

Moni Arkadiou

The date of the foundation of Moni Arkadiou (Arkadi) is not exactly known. According to tradition, the name of this church refers to the name of the Emperor Arkadiusz, who supposedly was to be its founder.

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Rethymnon
Rethymnon

Rethymnon

Rethymnon with around 40,000 inhabitants are the third largest city of Crete. This place was populated already in the Minoan period. Historically, the city was an important commercial center.

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Thrapsano
Thrapsano

Thrapsano

Thrapsano is a small town inhabited by slightly over 2,500 people, the vast majority of which until recently maintained their activity as a potter.

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Skinaria
Skinaria

Skinaria

Skinaria is a small beach located along a small bay, whose outlet on both sides ends with a rocky coast. It is still a little-known place overlooked by mass tourism

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Skinaria
Skinaria

Skinaria

Skinaria is a small beach located along a small bay, whose outlet on both sides ends with a rocky coast. It is still a little-known place overlooked by mass tourism

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Jaskinia Idi
Jaskinia Idi

Jaskinia Idi

According to Greek mythology, Zeus hid (and perhaps even gave birth) in the Ida cave. This myth is the greatest asset of this cave, which is not as interesting and beautiful as the Dikte cave.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Plakias
Plakias

Plakias

Plakias is a perfect place for people who like to spend time hiking. In the area of the town and the surrounding area, there are several hiking trails that lead to interesting beaches.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Gorge Kourtaliotiko
Gorge Kourtaliotiko

Gorge Kourtaliotiko

The Kourtaliotiko Gorge, also known as the Asomatos Gorge, is perhaps one of the most spectacular natural attractions available in the central part of Crete.

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Minoan Agia Triada
Minoan Agia Triada

Minoan Agia Triada

Agia Triada is a small Minoan archaeological site in the south of Crete, located near Timpaki, located on the western slope of the hill about 40 meters above sea level.

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Fajstos
Fajstos

Fajstos

Około 60 kilometrów na południowy zachód od stolicy Krety - Heraklionu znajdują się ruiny drugiego co do wielkości starożytnego pałacu - Fajstos.

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Melidoni Cave
Melidoni Cave

Melidoni Cave

Currently, Melidoni Cave (originally called Gerontospilios) is associated mainly with the tragic events that took place here in 1824.

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Koules Fortress
Koules Fortress

Koules Fortress

This fortress is a perfect example of Crete's multiculturalism. Located today in Greek hands, it was built by the Venetians, but is called a name taken from the Turkish language.

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Archeological museum
Archeological museum

Archeological museum

It is one of the most important and largest museums in Greece and one of the most important in Europe.

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Tylissos
Tylissos

Tylissos

Tylissos is one of the few places in Crete that has kept its name since ancient times.

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Damnoni
Damnoni

Damnoni

Plaża w Damnoni jest położona po sąsiedzku z Plakias - popularną turystyczną miejscowością

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Agios Pavlos
Agios Pavlos

Agios Pavlos

Agios Pavlos is a small town located on the southern coast of Crete near Saktouria.

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Triopetra
Triopetra

Triopetra

Triopetra is located at the foot of the Siderotas mountain about 52 km south of Rethymno.

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Agia Galini
Agia Galini

Agia Galini

gia Galini (Αγία Γαλήνη) jest jednym z najpopularniejszych nadmorskich kurortów na południowym wybrzeżu Krety.

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Skinakas Observatory
Skinakas Observatory

Skinakas Observatory

The observatory is located at the top of the Skinakas mountain at an altitude of 1750 m. The idea for its construction was born in 1984.

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Armeni
Armeni

Armeni

The Late-Romanesque cemetery in Armeni is located on the outskirts of this town, located less than 10 km south of the center of Rethymno.

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Military Museum
Military Museum

Military Museum

The museum presents the dramatic history of Crete written over the last several hundred years.

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Argyroupolis
Argyroupolis

Argyroupolis

The modern settlement known as Argyroupolis was built on the site of the ancient city of Lappa (also called Lambi)

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Lentas
Lentas

Lentas

Lentas is a good idea for those who want to get away from villages steeped in industrial tourism.

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Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos
Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos

Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos

This ancient quarry, consisting of two parts by modern times, is called Λαβυρινθάκι and Λαβύρινθος.

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Archeological Museum in Eleftherna
Estiatorio Chrisopigi
Estiatorio Chrisopigi

Estiatorio Chrisopigi

If anyone of you is looking for a good restaurant near Matala and Kalamaki, then we would like to recommend estiório Chrisopigi.

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Gortyna
Gortyna

Gortyna

Gortyna is considered one of the most extensive excavations in Greece.

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Psiloritis - Timios Stavros
Psiloritis - Timios Stavros

Psiloritis - Timios Stavros

Psiloritis (Timios Stavros - Holy Cross) is the top of the highest mountain of Crete, rising to 2456 m above sea level.

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Rouvas Gorge
Rouvas Gorge

Rouvas Gorge

Rouvas Gorge is one of the most interesting places in this part of Crete. The interesting trail leads in a perfect way to the changing appearance of this gorge.

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Matala
Matala

Matala

Matala is one of the most popular towns not only of the southern coast but also of the whole of Crete. In the 1960s and 1970s, this small fishing village was a mecca for hippies.

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Monastery of Odigitrias
Monastery of Odigitrias

Monastery of Odigitrias

The Odigitrias Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries of southern Crete. Unfortunately, in terms of popularity, he is far from other Cretan monasteries.

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Kali Limenes
Kali Limenes

Kali Limenes

Kali Limenes (meaning Dobre Porty or Piękny Przystanie) is a coastal town located in the Asterousia Mountains on the southern coast of Crete.

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Vathipetro
Vathipetro

Vathipetro

In addition to the famous grand palaces on the island in the Minoan period, a number of smaller residences were created. One of the most important examples is the Vathipetro discovered about 5 km north of Archanes, on the southeastern slope of Mount Juchtas in the central part of Crete.

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Komentarze

 Piotr Krauze
Piotr Krauze
2015-12-18 19:01:52

Byliśmy w tym roku, dzięki za opis przebijający wszystkie przewodniki raze wzięte ;) Niestety nie jest chyba ta jaskinia popularna wśród turystów, bo mimo szczytu sezonu nie było tam żywej duszy ... a zobaczyć warto.

1
 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2015-12-18 19:29:56

Faktycznie raczej mało osób tu zagląda. Może to kwestia tej tragicznej historii? Bo sama jaskinia jest piękna.

 Piotr Krauze
Piotr Krauze
2015-12-18 19:02:26

Przywitał nas tylko taki - miejscowy :P

1
 Ola Krzyska
Ola Krzyska
2015-12-19 11:50:13

Jest magiczna, to fakt.

1
 Asia Kolodziej
Asia Kolodziej
2017-10-02 18:27:28

Polecam zwiedzanie

1
 Beata Bartman-Tybura
Beata Bartman-Tybura
2017-10-02 18:29:58

Byliśmy,a jakże!

1
 Anna Dolińska
Anna Dolińska
2017-10-02 18:47:45

Jedno z miejsc na Krecie, które wywarło na mnie największe wrażenie.

1
 Ela Kruk
Ela Kruk
2017-10-03 08:04:39

Czy w środku można robić zdjęcia?

 Sylwia Pstrągowska
Sylwia Pstrągowska
2017-10-03 08:22:20

Można, ale bez lampy i związku z tym potrzebujesz statywu bo ciemno tam jak w ....

1
 Aneta Andzia
Aneta Andzia
2017-10-03 17:16:06

A po drodze warto zatrzymać się w rodzinnej wytwórni pysznej oliwy

1
 Alicja Zaremba
Alicja Zaremba
2018-02-03 20:50:40

Super polecam:)

1
 Chester Suburbanus
Chester Suburbanus
2018-02-03 22:13:03

Przepiękna również polecam

1
 Beata Bartman-Tybura
Beata Bartman-Tybura
2018-02-04 11:22:15

Polecam.Nie trzeba się wcale specjalnie ubierać.Jest ciepło.
Historia związana z tym miejscem jest tragiczna.

1

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Dikte Cave (Psychro)

Dikte Cave (Psychro)

One of the tourist attractions eagerly visited by people spending their holidays in Crete is the Dikte (Psychro) cave. The main factors that attract people to this cave are a rich and varied dripstone robe and a close connection with mythology. This cave, according to the beliefs of ancient Greeks, was considered the birthplace of Zeus. It is mythology that distinguishes this cave among 3,000 other caves located in Crete. It is also worth emphasizing that the history of human existence in this place is over 6,000 years.

Ida - the mythical shelter of Zeus

Ida - the mythical shelter of Zeus

According to Greek mythology, Zeus hid (and perhaps even gave birth) in the Ida cave. This myth is the greatest asset of this cave, which is not as interesting and beautiful as the Dikte cave. Ida Cave is just an empty and unlit big hole in the rock. Quite steep descent to the bottom is built of old railway sleepers. At the bottom of the cave there is a wooden platform, there are also remnants of the former excavations. The cave is located on the eastern slope of the Psiloriti, in the central part of Crete - about 20 kilometers from the village of Anogia. Its total area is approximately 800 square meters. It consists of four chambers, of which the largest, main chamber is about 40 meters long and 50 wide.

Bear's Cave

Bear's Cave

The cave is less than 1 km from Moni Gouvernetou Monastery. You will reach it using the pedestrian trail that has been marked out along the slope of the Avlaki Gorge. In the middle part of this cave there is a large stalagmite next to which there is a small water tank. Standing at the right angle and arming with a large dose of imagination can be seen in this stone block of bear that gave the name for this place.

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