156th anniversary of the events at Moni Arkadiou
On November 8, 1866, Ottoman troops encircled the hill where the Moni Arkadiou Monastery is located. Cretan insurgents who took part in the battles against the Turkish occupier and the local civilian population, including several hundred women and children, found shelter there. Opposite them stood the enemy army consisting of over 15 thousand. soldiers equipped with 30 cannons. Some sources even say that there were as many as 23,000 Turkish soldiers. However, even such an overwhelming advantage could not force the Cretans to surrender without a fight. The leader of the Turks was the bloodthirsty Mustafa Pasha Kiritlis, but on that day the Ottoman commander made a final attempt to make the insurgents surrender and asked the besieged to surrender. The insurgents, led by Ioannis Dimakopoulos and the abbot of the monastery, Gavriel Marinakis, nevertheless gave the answer that the Greeks always gave in such cases, ie a firm "no" supported by arrows. This decisive retort was the signal to launch an assault on the monastery.
A story they are proud of
In the evening of November 9, the fight started again. Turkish artillery, reinforced with two heavy cannons pulled from Rethymno, destroyed the entrance gate to Moni Arkadiou and allowed Suleiman's troops to enter the monastery courtyard. Running out of ammunition forced the insurgents to bayonet fights with the Ottoman soldiers breaking in. The defending Cretans were pushed into two rooms where gunpowder was stored. Insurgents gathered in one of the warehouses, wanting to avoid surrendering to the Ottoman troops, set fire to the barrels with gunpowder, causing a great explosion, which killed most of the Cretans in the monastery. It was this last tragic episode of the defense of Moni Arkadiou during the Cretan uprising that made this monastery so strongly inscribed in the history of the Cretan struggle for independence. Today, 156 years have passed since those tragic events.
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Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.
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gość dodekanezowiec: To obraz podobieństwa między Polakami i Grekami. My mieliśmy swój 1864, oni 1866. A teraz cap Erdoganik koleżka Putlera straszy.
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