Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Interesting places for history lovers in Rethymno Prefecture

Today we are starting the presentation of the second series of our thematic mini-guides to the prefectures of Crete. This time we take a closer look at the Rethymno region, in which we will first look at places related to the history of Crete. There are few ancient discoveries here, but many traces of history were left by the Venetians and Turks, in whose hands the island was several hundred years.

Rethymno area for history lovers

The places described below have also been marked on the google map, thanks to which it will be easier to find them.

Armenia Minoan cemetery

In the shade of olive groves and oaks, the entrances to about 200 tombs are hidden, the origin of which was determined to be 1300/50 BC. About 500 skeletons were found here, which turned out to be very valuable as they could be used to learn more about people living in the Minoan times, their daily diet and health.

Armeni - Minoan cemetery

Archea Eleftherna excavations

Ancient Eleftherna is the most important archaeological site in the Rethymno Prefecture. The first organized excavations here began in 1985. This city-state inhabited until the Middle Ages was founded by the Dorians around the 9th century BC. The strategic location allowed for the control of the intersecting trade routes connecting Kydonia, Knossos and Mount Ida. The importance of Elefthern is also evidenced by the fact that its own coins with images of Artemis and Apollo were minted here. Nowadays, the importance of these excavations is also evidenced by the fact that an archaeological museum has been established in the vicinity of this site, presenting artifacts found in this area. Unfortunately, we do not have information at the moment whether these excavations are already open to the public (probably not). However, if one is an archeology enthusiast and still would like to even glance at these remains of Eleftherna, it probably remains to look through the fence.

Eleftherna


There are also remains of an aqueduct close to the main excavation site and two swimming-pool-sized cisterns to collect water.

Eleftherna - aqueduct

Orthi Petra position

In this place was the necropolis of ancient Eleftherna, which became a real treasury of artifacts from that period. In 2010, archaeologists made one of the most important discoveries when they found an unplanned tomb from 700 BCE. It contained the bones of a young couple, possibly siblings. The pair was covered with 3,000 gold sheets of various shapes.

Orthi Petra

Archaeological Museum of Eleftherna

What makes this museum unique are primarily finds from outside the Minoan period, discovered in the ancient Eleftherna, which is one of the most important cities of ancient Crete. This means that visitors to this place can look and learn about the remains from the dawn of the Greek civilization described by Homer. According to the employees of the museum and the Greek Ministry of Culture, it is unique on a global scale. Unfortunately, photos are still not allowed inside the museum.

Archaeological Museum of Eleftherna

Military Museum in Chromanostiri

On the outskirts of Chromanostiri, there is a small military museum located in a beautiful Venetian villa, also known as Villa Claudio.
Before entering the museum, you will find quite a large collection of military vehicles and artillery equipment, and inside the villa there is a large number of various items directly related to the Greek army, the history of Cretan uprisings and the battles taking place in Crete during World War II.

Military Museum in Chromanostiri

Fortezza in Rethymno

It is one of the most characteristic buildings not only for the city of Rethymno, but also for the whole of Crete. Its construction was completed in 1590, and the construction was made of walls 1.7 meters thick. On its territory there was, among others, the cathedral of St. Nicholas, which was converted into the Ibrahim Han mosque after the Turks took power. In addition, there was a bishop's palace, provisions for provisions, a powder magazine, an arsenal, a barracks for the garrison and a hospital.

Fortezza in Rethymno

Melidoni Cave

We have classified the Melidoni Cave as places related to the history of Crete, because despite its beautiful dripstone form, it is associated primarily with the tragic events that took place here in 1824. Melidoni became a place of refuge for nearly 370 inhabitants of the village of Melidoni, mostly women and children fleeing the Ottoman troops. When the Turkish leaders were unable to force the Cretans to leave the cave, they lit a great fire in the main entrance and collapsed the remaining exits, cutting off the people's escape route. The determined fugitives suffocated inside the cave. Today, in the central part of the cave, there is a monument commemorating the victims of these tragic events, which are still vividly remembered by the Cretans to this day.

Melidoni Cave

Venetian port and Egyptian lighthouse in Rethymno

The old Venetian port and the lighthouse are one of the most recognizable elements of Rethymno and are a must-see in this city. Although the port had already existed before, the Venetians led to a flourishing of activity. The lighthouse in its present form was built during the short-lived occupation of Crete by the Egyptians in the 1830s.

Venetian port and Egyptian lighthouse in Rethymno

Archaeological Museum of Rethymno

It is a small museum that showcases finds from different historical eras that have been unearthed around Rethymno. We recommend, but most of all, lovers of history and all kinds of excavations. As a curiosity, we will add that you can see interesting sarcophagi and other artifacts from the Minoan cemetery in Armeni, and the museum itself is located in the building of a former prison.

Archaeological Museum of Rethymno

Moni Arkadiou

Although it is a monastery, due to the strong connections with the history of Crete, we also place it on our list of interesting historical sites. The tragic events that took place in this monastery in 1866 made it of special importance to all the inhabitants of Crete. Moni Arkadiou is for the Cretans a synonym of the fight for freedom and an expression of rebellion against the Turkish occupation. Cretan insurgents, in order to avoid surrender to the Ottoman troops that attacked the monastery, set fire to the dust barrels, causing a great explosion. As a result, most of the people gathered in the monastery died.

Moni Arkadiou

Museum of the History and Folk Art Museum in Rethymno

If you would like to see what the everyday life of Crete's inhabitants used to look like in the past, you must visit the Museum of History and Folk Art in the center of Rethymno's Old Town. The exposition gathered in several exhibition halls, unlike those presented in archaeological museums, in most cases focuses on objects from the relatively recent past. Usually these are things that were found in everyday surroundings and were used by Cretans living at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.

Museum of Folk History and Art in Rethymno

Neratze Mosque

The beautiful mosque that is a testimony to Rethymno's turbulent history is also known as Gazi Hussein . Unfortunately, this facility is closed for free sightseeing, but still, when visiting the city, it is worth finding this place. Who knows, maybe you will be lucky and take a look inside. Initially, it was a Venetian church of Saint Mary, later it became an Augustinian monastery. When the Turks took the city in 1657, their leader Gazi Hussein Pasha turned the monastery into a mosque. In 1925, the mosque was re-converted into the Christian Church of St. Nicholas, but never functioned as a church. Nowadays, the mosque serves as a music school and a concert hall, so if you manage to look here, you won't see it inside. nothing but the stage and the chairs.

Neratzes Mosque

Kara Musa Paşa Mosque in Rethymno

This mosque is another memento of the Ottoman rule in Crete. Although the place is closed and a bit neglected, it is worth including it on the Rethymno sightseeing route due to the unique combination of Venetian and Ottoman architecture. Before the Turks took power in Rethymno, the monastery of St. Barbara. After the fall of the city, the Turks transformed it into a mosque, added domes and a minaret. This mosque was named after the Turkish admiral of the troops occupying Rethymnon in 1646. There are tombstones in the courtyard of the mosque, and a fountain outside, which was used by Muslims to wash themselves before entering the interior, and for other residents of the city to draw water.

Kasa Musa Pasa mosque

Rimondi Fountain in Rethymno

In the old days, city fountains were created in response to the problem of providing cities with drinking water. It was no different in Rethymno, where several Ottoman fountains and one built during the reign of the Venetians in Crete have been preserved to this day. Back then, it was an important part of the city's fresh water supply system. Today it is a beautiful trace of the intricate history of this city.

Rimondi
Ida Cave
This cave is primarily of historical importance. In ancient times, one of the largest sanctuaries in Crete. For several thousand years, from 4000 BC until the first century AD, it was a place of worship of Zeus - the most important god in ancient Greece. The importance of this place is evidenced by the fact that even Minos, the legendary king of Crete, regularly made a pilgrimage to the Idi sanctuary every nine years to pray for the favor of Zeus. This cave is considered in mythology as the birthplace of Zeus. A huge number of ancient artifacts found here are currently exhibited by the Heraklion Archaeological Museum.
Ida Cave
Gosia,  data_2021-09-21 20:00:00 2021-09-21 20:00:00
Średnia: 4.5
Liczba ocen: 1
  • 0.5
  • 1.0
  • 1.5
  • 2.0
  • 2.5
  • 3.0
  • 3.5
  • 4.0
  • 4.5
  • 5.0
 
 
Oceniłeś na:
 
Kreta informacje 4.5 na 5 (0) liczba ocen 1
see other news from this month »
Wszystkie treści i zdjęcia występujące w serwisie są naszą własnością.
Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.

Komentarze

Wypełnij poniższy formularz aby dodać komentarz

lub kliknij w poniższy link aby skorzystać z możliwosci komentowania przez facebooka:
https://www.facebook.com/crete.poland/posts/10158183443097551

Nazwa użytkownika:

Adres e-mail:

Tytuł:

Treść:

Przepisz kod z obrazka:
Kod obrazka

Wpisanie prawidowego kodu oznacza zgodę na przetwarzanie danych w celu wyświetlania komentarza.
Kontakt Administratorem Danych Osobowych zgromadzonych na stronie możliwy jest pod adresem mailowym [email protected]

Zapisz komentarz
Zapisz komentarz
Booking.com

Polecamy:

Oliwa i kosmetyki organiczne Olivaloe


Parklot

Najnowsze komentarze:

W Norwegii na wybrzeżu, najczęściej latem gdy zapowiadana jest słoneczna pogoda mamy podobne mgły, ale to mgły adwekcyjne, gdzie jest odwrotnie, chłodne morze i ciepłe powietrze. Potrafi takie dziadostwo przyjść z morza na cały dzień, a kilometrów dalej w głąb lądu świeci słoneczko
gość PiotrWie : Nie trzeba iść eksponowanym klifem. Jest inna droga, która jeszcze jakieś 8 lat temu była opisana na kamieniu jako Easy to Loutro, nie rozumiem czemu ktoś ten napis zamalował. Jakieś kilkaset metrów od plaży Marmara odchodzi prosto w górę dróga do Livaniany, krętymi naturalnymi schodami. Dochodzi do drogi Loutro - Livaniany i jest zdecydowanie łatwiejszy od oficjalnego szlaku. (...)
Zawsze doradzamy osobom wybierajacym się na Kretę: - Bądź realistą. Oceniaj swoje możliwości. Zerknij w swoją metrykę urodzenia i kartę zdrowia. Wąwóz Samaria i niektóre piesze trasy są groźne ( szczególnie w upale), strome, kamieniste.
Tawerna Grecka: Będziemy
Gosia | crete.pl : Tak, są takie biura które organizują wycieczki do Sfendoni. Zwiedzanie jaskini jest zazwyczaj połączone ze wizytą w  okolicznych wioskach.
gość Marek: Witam, ja też właśnie jestem w Agios, delektuje się capucino,widokami oraz niesamowitymi skokami do wody. A pogoda to poprostu bajka, błękitne niebo i słoneczko, poprostu super:)
gość Angie: Właśnie popijamy kawkę z widokiem na jezioro i skaczących. Pełen relaks i pogoda wspaniała. Do tego cudowne widoki.
Parklot
CRETE Copyright © 2009-22 Linki | Kontakt | Polityka prywatności | Kontakt | Newsletter
ukryj
Zapisz się do
Newslettera