Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

The Lassithi Plateau

Lasithi

The Lasithi Plateau (Οροπέδιο Λασιθίου) is approximately 70 kilometers from the capital of Crete - Heraklion . The average height at which the terrain of this plateau is located is 840 m above sea level. This makes it one of the highest, permanently inhabited places in the area of ​​the Mediterranean basin. Visitors to this place may be surprised by what the Lasithi Plateau looks like. After a breakneck climb along a winding mountain road, the destination is a flat "cake" with an area of ​​about 25 km2, which on each side is surrounded by steep slopes clearly marking its boundaries. A patchwork of arable fields adjacent to the harsh mountain vegetation completes the rest of the surprising view that the Lasithi plateau represents.

History

Placing such intensive agricultural crops here is not a coincidence. The alluvial sewage of the melting snow that flows into Lasithi every year, naturally fertilizes the soil of this place. Sludges accumulated over thousands of years make this plateau one of the most fertile regions of Crete. Already in Neolithic times, people enjoyed the benefits of this place, but the first permanent residents of the Lasithi plateau were the Minoans and the Djires. The continuous uninterrupted development of agriculture in this area continued uninterruptedly until 1293, when the occupying Venetians of Crete forbade to stay and live on the Lasithi Plateau.

This ban, for over 200 years, was the result of problems that the inhabitants of the plateau caused to the Venetians. Strong resistance and frequent exploding rebellions caused that the villages located in Lasithi were completely destroyed, banned all crops, and the inhabitants were resettled in other parts of Crete. It was not until the beginning of the 15th century that the Venetians allowed Greek refugees from the Peloponnese to settle here. During this period, a system of irrigation channels was also built, which are used to this day.




Until recently, the water distribution system was based on wind powered pumps. At the peak of Lasithi Plateau, its canvas sails spread even up to 10,000 windmills. Unfortunately, they are increasingly displaced by electric and combustion engines being the source of propulsion for the majority of currently used water pumps. According to some estimates, around 1,500 are still used today. windmills.

How to get?

Coming from Heraklion it is possible to exit the New National Road at the height of Hersonissos or Stalida . In both cases, the road leads to the same pass, which allows you to travel to the northern edge of the plateau. If the journey takes you from the direction of Agios Nikolaos , then it is more convenient to take the exit from the New National Road to Naples. Then, going through such places as Zenia, Exo Potami, or Russakiana, it enters the Lasithi plateau in its eastern part.

What to see?

The main advantage of this place are the amazing views that extend from the pass leading to the tan plateau. In the area around the village of Psychoro, there is the Dikte cave , which according to Greek mythology is the birthplace of Zeus. In the case of arriving or returning by road connecting the Lasithi plateau with Heraklion, it is worth stopping at 24 windmills located near Kera. These mills come from 1800 and were used until the end of World War II. Unfortunately, most of them have now fallen into disrepair, and only 3 have been restored to their former appearance.

Lasithi

west
central
east

Interesting places on Crete

↤ click the appropriate part of the island to change the bottom map

Malia
Malia

Malia

Information about one of the more known tourist cities of Crete, or about Malia. Description of attractions located in the city of Malia and a description of the specificity of this town.

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Kritsa
Kritsa

Kritsa

Kritsa is one of the largest villages in Crete. The village has a lot of shops with local crafts.

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Lasithi
Lasithi

Lasithi

The Lasithi Plateau is located about 70 kilometers from the capital of Crete - Heraklion. The average height at which the terrain of this plateau is located is 840 m above sea level.

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Dikte Cave
Dikte Cave

Dikte Cave

One of the tourist attractions eagerly visited by people spending their holidays in Crete is the Dikte (Psychro) cave. The main factors that attract people to this cave are a rich and varied dripstone robe and a close connection with mythology.

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Panagia Kera
Panagia Kera

Panagia Kera

Among the olive groves in the place called Logari, which is less than a kilometer from the village of Kritsa, there is a small Byzantine church of Panagia Kera from the 13th-14th centuries.

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Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

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Gorge Ha
Gorge Ha

Gorge Ha

Most people crossing the route between Agios Nikolaos and Ierapetra will definitely notice the large crack which is marked by the mountain located east of this road. This majestic geological creation called Ha was probably created as a result of an earthquake.

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Xerokambos
Xerokambos

Xerokambos

Xerokambos is a small settlement in which you will find literally several taverns, and most of the buildings are single-storey and one-story houses. The big advantage of this beach is a gentle sandy descent to the sea.

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Agios Nikolaos
Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος) is a small town with less than 20,000 inhabitants. permanent residents (according to statistical data from 2001). This city is the capital of the Lasithi nomos.

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Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

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Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

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Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

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Lato
Lato

Lato

The ancient city of the LATO can be found near the charming village of Krista near Agios Nikolaos.

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Gournia
Gournia

Gournia

It is recognized that Gournia was inhabited between 3000 BC. 1,200 BC and is one of the few cities unearthed to a large extent.

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Zakros
Zakros

Zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

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zakros
zakros

zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

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Palace in Malia
Palace in Malia

Palace in Malia

The first palace was built around 1900 BC. in the place where there was a quite impressive settlement whose remains were later transformed into the central part of the city.

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Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

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Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

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Mochlos
Mochlos

Mochlos

Mochlos is a small town located roughly halfway between Agios Nikolaos and Sitia.

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Vai
Vai

Vai

O Vai zrobiło się głośno, gdy w latach 70-tych na tle palmowego gaju nakręcono reklamę kokosowych batoników Bounty.

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Spinalonga
Spinalonga

Spinalonga

This inconspicuous little island located about 5 km from the center of Elounda is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Crete.

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Trypitos
Trypitos

Trypitos

When heavy equipment entered the promontory near Sitia, no one expected that this area contained the ruins of the Hellenic city.

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Richtis
Richtis

Richtis

The abundance of water and shade mean that even at the peak of the tourist season, this place is full of lush vegetation.

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Chamaizi
Chamaizi

Chamaizi

At the top of a cone-shaped hill called Souvloto Mouri, the remains of an unusual building with a unique oval shape were discovered.

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Moni Toplou Winery
Itanos
Itanos

Itanos

The ruins of the ancient city of Itanos are located at the eastern tip of Crete, less than 3 kilometers north of the famous palm beach of Vai. Although there are also nice beaches at Itanos, unlike its well-known neighbor, this place does not attract crowds. There are either accidental stray tourists or excavation enthusiasts here.

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Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

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Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

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Ierapetra
Ierapetra

Ierapetra

Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα) is the fourth largest city of Crete and also the largest town located in the Lassithi prefecture.

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Diaskari - Green Beach
Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari Beach, also known as Green Beach, is less than 3 km from Makry Gialos.

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Koufonissi - cruise to the island
Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi is a small island in the Libyan Sea, located just a stone's throw from the southern coast of Crete.

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Makry Gialos
Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos is one of the less-appreciated tourist destinations in Crete.

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Sitia
Sitia

Sitia

Less than 10,000 population of Sitia makes the city the smallest in Crete. Some even go a step further and say perversely that it is rather the largest village of Crete.

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The Omalos plateau

The Omalos plateau

Redirected from the site - Xyloskalo. Omalos is a perfect starting point for exploring the Samaria Gorge. Located over 1100 m above sea level, it extends over an area of ​​25 km2. This plateau is surrounded by the Lefka Ori mountain range (White Mountains). The local Greeks use this place to grow cereals, potatoes and grazing sheep and goats. In the past, during the Turkish occupation, this plateau served as a refuge for the then rebels.

Nida Plateau

Nida Plateau

Nida is one of the largest plateaus in Crete. It is located at an altitude of about 1400m above sea level. Currently, access to this place is not the slightest problem. Behind the village of Anogia begins a comfortable asphalt road that leads through one of the pass and enters the plateau area. Due to the high altitude on which this place is located, the temperature is much lower than on the coast of Crete.

The Omalos plateau

The Omalos plateau

Omalos is a perfect starting point for exploring the Samaria Gorge. Located over 1100 m above sea level, it extends over an area of ​​25 km2. This plateau is surrounded by the Lefka Ori mountain range (White Mountains). The local Greeks use this place to grow cereals, potatoes and grazing sheep and goats. In the past, during the Turkish occupation, this plateau served as a refuge for the then rebels.

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