Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Komolithi - earth pyramids in the town of Potamida

Potamida

The fact that Crete can surprise you have had the opportunity to see many times. Another proof for this claim is in the village of Potamida. On the edge of this settlement grows a complex of clay mounds called Komolithi (Komolithoi). These earth pyramids, referred to as the Greek Cappadocia, form one of the strangest and most interesting landscapes in Crete.

We found information on the pyramids in the village of Potamida on the internet in 2009, when we were preparing for our next trip to Crete. We quickly joined this place to one of the routes we intended to cross. Needless to say, we have obviously achieved this goal. After this trip about the Potamid, we mentioned in our second subjective guide. We decided, however, that this place should also be included in our map of attractions in Crete. The more so because we have not found any mention of it in any Crete guide we know about. The information about the pyramids in Potamida came from several Greek publications and the portal https://www.geocaching.com/play .

Potamida - earth pyramids


The small and not very large village of Potamida is located in the Kissamos district about 35 km west of Chania. Only a few kilometers separate it from the spectacular Gorge Topolia. To get to Komolithi, you have to cross the Potamida towards the north, turn right and continue heading north. After driving a few hundred meters, you should already notice the pyramids, which are visible on the right. When you get to the fork of roads, turn right to the side road and later you just need to look for entry to the dirt road, which you will reach to the foot of this geological phenomenon.

The pyramids are very close to the village buildings, near the Tyflos River, dry in the summer. They unexpectedly grow in the middle of a fertile field, which makes the landscape they create unique. His surrealism was appreciated by NASA, which in July 2016 published a photo of the Cretan cones as Earth Science Picture of the Day (EPOD): http://epod.usra.edu/blog/2016/06/eroded-hills-of-komolithi- crete.html

If you are there in the summer, you can safely climb the less steep cones that are dry during this period. In spring and autumn, attempting to approach them means wading the ankles in a waterlogged clay.

Potamida - earth pyramids

Appearance and genesis of the uprising

The pyramid slopes are mostly barren and only the upper part is covered with vegetation. They are almost completely made of clay. Years of erosion caused by water and wind formed this material in such unusual shapes. Researchers from the University of Crete, who recently took a closer look at this place, also found traces of pyrite called "gold of fools" and gold.

However, research into the pyramids by the Dutch in the 1970s shed more light on the mysterious pyramids. They were an attempt to determine the time of creation of these geological formations and to explain the presence of marine fossils in them, including the remains of 15-meter sharks from 7 million years ago.
To understand the genesis of this geological phenomenon, it is necessary to go back 10 million years. In Miocene (the oldest epoch of the neogen), when the Mediterranean Sea was formed, Crete was part of the archipelago. Its eastern part rose above the water, while the western one, in which Komolothoi are located, was under water. This explains the presence of marine fossils and the type of geological material from which the pyramids are built.


The first study of material from Komolothi showed that these are sedimentary rocks accumulated over 7 million years ago at the turn of the ages of torton and messyn. The original assumptions about their composition, which initially were assumed to be calcareous, were overturned. However, subsequent analyzes have shown that it is cemented with coarse dust and silicon-aluminum sludge (so-called mudstone). This silt is additionally characterized by an increased ability to bind to water molecules. Subjected to pressureit is compressed and dried in appearance resembles hardened and cracked clay.

These conclusions explain in part why before the cement entered the modern building for good, the inhabitants of the surrounding villages extracted this material from the pyramids and used it to seal the roofs of their houses.


If you were interested in photos and this description and you would like to see Komolithi with your own eyes, we suggest that you can take a look here during the return trip from Elafonissi beach. For this purpose, take the way back through the Topolia gorge. For our part, we will add that passing this way again in 2016, we found that the pyramids still stand here ;-)

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Interesting places on Crete

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Falasarna
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Elafonisi
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Aptera
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Chania - Xania
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Frangokastello
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Hrisoskalitissas
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The Omalos plateau
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Kournas
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The Omalos plateau
The Omalos plateau

The Omalos plateau

Omalos is a perfect starting point for exploring the Samaria Gorge. Located over 1,100 m above sea level extends over an area of 25 km2. Its size corresponds more or less to the size of the Lasithi Plateau.

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Lissos
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Agia Sofia

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Milia
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Milia is an authentic mountain settlement, which most probably dates from about the seventeenth century.

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Potamida
Potamida

Potamida

On the edge of the village of Potamida grows a complex of clay mounds called Komolithi (Komolithoi)

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Komentarze

 gość}
gość Ola
2017-04-24 08:36:29

super miejsce:)

poprawcie sobie adres strony na www.geocaching.com

dzięki temu serwisowi mozna dotrzec do na prawdę ciekawych miejsc na świecie :):)

Piotrek Gęca
Piotrek Gęca
2017-04-24 08:42:23

Ola dzięki za zwrócenie uwagi :) . Faktycznie dla skróconego adresu był przypisany zły certyfikat bezpieczeństwa i strona nie ładowała się. Teraz już powinno być ok.

 gość}
gość Αδαμ
2017-04-25 21:04:01

Piękna grecka kapadocja

Byłem wraz z małżonką zobaczyliśmy ,zapiera dech, są to naprawdę ciekawe stożki które mało kto odwiedza polcamy.

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