Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Roussolakos - ruins of the Minoan city next to Palekastro

Palekastro

Palekastro is a small village located on the east coast of Crete, a few kilometers south of the famous Vai beach. Although nowadays most of its inhabitants are still living in agriculture, the attractive location close to the beaches and the growing popularity of the eastern region of Crete may soon change these proportions.

Although this region is currently free from mass tourism and hotels offering all-inclusive vacations, individual tourists are more and more often coming here. It is worth remembering that so far, both Palekastro and other nearby towns are still not typical tourist resorts. So you will not find here the infrastructure characteristic of the tourist towns of the northern coast of Crete. You will find silence and peace, that is, the so-called true Crete and the kind and kind inhabitants. An additional attraction of this region is the large number of archaeological sites focused on a relatively small area.

Surfers on Kouromenos


A short distance from Palekastro are excavations in Itanos, Kato Zakros, Roussolakos and many other smaller ones. Also you can not complain about the lack of beaches, because apart from the pebbles there are a lot of nice and sandy (Vai, Itanos, Chiona, Xerokambos). Particularly worth paying attention to these less popular beaches, because they are free from the tiring crowds that prevail on the well-known and popular Vai. This region of Crete will also like windsurfers, because the wide bay at the long Kouroumenos beach is a place where the blowing winds are especially conducive to this sport. Palekastro and the surrounding villages are also worth visiting in search of local excellent products. Small local shops offer cheese, herbs, homemade preserves, delicious bread, fresh vegetables and fruits.

The easiest way to get here is your own rental car. However, if you want or need to choose public transport, you can also take a KTEL bus here, because Palekastro has a direct connection to Sitia. Buses run quite rarely on weekdays, so when planning a trip it is necessary to check the departure times. By bus you will also reach Vai and Zakros.

Roussolakos - Chiona Beach

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos, which is worth visiting in this region of Crete. The large distance in which it is located from popular towns (91 km from Agios Nikolaos) makes it easier to plan these ancient ruins to visit when you will have a base in the eastern parts of the island.

The oldest traces found in this area indicate that people inhabited this region from the middle of the third millennium BC. However, the most important development of this place fell for later centuries. Although the original Minoan name of the settlement has not been known so far, then the name Roussolakos, meaning the red wastes, adhered to this place. It is easy to guess that the term comes from the red dust that covers this area. As the preserved inscription indicates later, it was probably the Greek settlement of Heleia.


The appearance and architecture of the ancient city

Previous discoveries reveal that the Minoan city, which was located here, was a dynamic shopping center, which over the years and needs grew. It is estimated that the city during its greatest magnificence was 50,000 square feet (4645 sq m). A characteristic feature of Minoan settlements was the lack of defensive walls.

The city itself was quite compact, and the narrowly built houses were separated by narrow, mostly cobbled streets. Modern researchers have distinguished within its boundaries several parts, "districts", which they called the letters of the Greek alphabet. The types of buildings and functions were different. There are better and worse districts inhabited by richer inhabitants in more sumptuous homes and those belonging to poorer people.


All separate parts of the city were centered around one street, four meters wide, which ran through the entire settlement and continued towards the coast. It is interesting to find that in the middle of this wide arterythere was a place only for pedestrians located a bit higher.
The remaining urban streets that crossed them were no longer so impressive and wide, and their width ranged from 1.4 to 2.3 meters.

The northern part of the largest quarter δελτα was inhabited by rich residents. Proof of this affluence were luxuriously equipped homes. What testifies to the high standard of buildings is the arrangement of columns and internal courtyards, thanks to which it was possible to bring spacious air and light into spacious houses. Such buildings were characteristic of the settlement at Roussolakos. Researchers have found this type of construction in a number of the largest houses in the city. They even gave them the name: Palaikastro Hall, and the largest with it counted as many as 22 well-equipped rooms. Additional elements of these houses were kitchens, stone water tanks, bathrooms, altars and oil storage. It is also worth emphasizing that the entire city, regardless of the wealth of the inhabitants of individual "districts", was sewered.

Roussolakos - excavations


Excavations - panorama

The city was located in a very good agricultural area, thanks to which its inhabitants could deal not only in trade and shipping. The olive groves and fertile fields surrounding them favored farming and provided food for large populations. Among the cultivated cereals, barley dominated, whose grains were found in warehouses by archaeologists researching this area. The Minoans bred here also for the vines from which they produced wine. In some houses, stone presses for extracting olive oil and grape juice were found. The haven sheltered from the winds was an important factor in the commercial development of the city. Ships carrying various precious goods could safely enter the port. In addition, the waters surrounding this region were characterized by rich fisheries.


The city also developed crafts, production of metal, stone and ivory products, most of which were imported raw materials. Pottery was also developed, and ceramic products made by Roussolakos residents were exported to other parts of Crete. Today, remnants and valuable artefacts such as amphorae, lamps and statuettes, which were excavated in Roussolakos, can be seen at the Archaeological Museum in Sitia.

The sudden end of this expansive, rich Minoan city occurred around 1450 BC, exactly when other Minoan cities collapsed on Crete due to an unexpected and huge natural disaster.

excavations

Archaeological work in Roussolakos was started by British archaeologists R. Bosanquet and RM Dawkins in 1902. They were then continued in 1906, after which the next round of work was started by Hugh Sackett and Mervyn Popham only after sixty years in 1962-1963. The next discovery of the remains of the settlement resumed after the next two decades in the 80s of the last century and then in 2004. And although the remains of the city were discovered in the early years of the twentieth century, archaeological work continues to this day.

Roussolakos - panorama of excavations


Such long breaks in archaeological works unfortunately hinder the task of subsequent archaeological teams. Excavations during this time overlap again with the ground, which covers the previously excavated fragments of the ancient city. Additional damage occurred here during World War II when the excavation site was not supervised. During this period, some of the surrounding residents used ancient stone building blocks for their own needs. An additional modern threat to the excavations and the whole area are plans to build a large hotel complex in the immediate vicinity of Roussolakos.

One of the archeological curiosities of this place is that the oldest graves in Crete come from those around. The tombs were not plundered, the bones of the former inhabitants were found in them. Thanks to this, anthropologists could study the structure of the body of women and men from the Minoan period. Today, it is known that men measured on average 1.6 m, and women 1.5 m.

Roussolakos - entrance

Sightseeing

JESIf these digs are on your list of places to visit, it is worth remembering that they are only open from 8.00 to 15.00. The position is closed on Mondays and holidays. The admission costs only 2 €. Due to the fact that this place is not very popular, generally there is no permanent ticket. He arrives here from nearby buildings, as soon as he spots a car approaching Roussolakos.

Roussolakos - map

west
central
east

Interesting places on Crete

↤ click the appropriate part of the island to change the bottom map

Malia
Malia

Malia

Information about one of the more known tourist cities of Crete, or about Malia. Description of attractions located in the city of Malia and a description of the specificity of this town.

X
more
Kritsa
Kritsa

Kritsa

Kritsa is one of the largest villages in Crete. The village has a lot of shops with local crafts.

X
more
Lasithi
Lasithi

Lasithi

The Lasithi Plateau is located about 70 kilometers from the capital of Crete - Heraklion. The average height at which the terrain of this plateau is located is 840 m above sea level.

X
more
Dikte Cave
Dikte Cave

Dikte Cave

One of the tourist attractions eagerly visited by people spending their holidays in Crete is the Dikte (Psychro) cave. The main factors that attract people to this cave are a rich and varied dripstone robe and a close connection with mythology.

X
more
Panagia Kera
Panagia Kera

Panagia Kera

Among the olive groves in the place called Logari, which is less than a kilometer from the village of Kritsa, there is a small Byzantine church of Panagia Kera from the 13th-14th centuries.

X
more
Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

X
more
Gorge Ha
Gorge Ha

Gorge Ha

Most people crossing the route between Agios Nikolaos and Ierapetra will definitely notice the large crack which is marked by the mountain located east of this road. This majestic geological creation called Ha was probably created as a result of an earthquake.

X
more
Xerokambos
Xerokambos

Xerokambos

Xerokambos is a small settlement in which you will find literally several taverns, and most of the buildings are single-storey and one-story houses. The big advantage of this beach is a gentle sandy descent to the sea.

X
more
Agios Nikolaos
Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος) is a small town with less than 20,000 inhabitants. permanent residents (according to statistical data from 2001). This city is the capital of the Lasithi nomos.

X
more
Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

X
more
Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

X
more
Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

X
more
Lato
Lato

Lato

The ancient city of the LATO can be found near the charming village of Krista near Agios Nikolaos.

X
more
Gournia
Gournia

Gournia

It is recognized that Gournia was inhabited between 3000 BC. 1,200 BC and is one of the few cities unearthed to a large extent.

X
more
Zakros
Zakros

Zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

X
more
zakros
zakros

zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

X
more
Palace in Malia
Palace in Malia

Palace in Malia

The first palace was built around 1900 BC. in the place where there was a quite impressive settlement whose remains were later transformed into the central part of the city.

X
more
Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Mochlos
Mochlos

Mochlos

Mochlos is a small town located roughly halfway between Agios Nikolaos and Sitia.

X
more
Vai
Vai

Vai

O Vai zrobiło się głośno, gdy w latach 70-tych na tle palmowego gaju nakręcono reklamę kokosowych batoników Bounty.

X
more
Spinalonga
Spinalonga

Spinalonga

This inconspicuous little island located about 5 km from the center of Elounda is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Crete.

X
more
Trypitos
Trypitos

Trypitos

When heavy equipment entered the promontory near Sitia, no one expected that this area contained the ruins of the Hellenic city.

X
more
Richtis
Richtis

Richtis

The abundance of water and shade mean that even at the peak of the tourist season, this place is full of lush vegetation.

X
more
Chamaizi
Chamaizi

Chamaizi

At the top of a cone-shaped hill called Souvloto Mouri, the remains of an unusual building with a unique oval shape were discovered.

X
more
Moni Toplou Winery
Itanos
Itanos

Itanos

The ruins of the ancient city of Itanos are located at the eastern tip of Crete, less than 3 kilometers north of the famous palm beach of Vai. Although there are also nice beaches at Itanos, unlike its well-known neighbor, this place does not attract crowds. There are either accidental stray tourists or excavation enthusiasts here.

X
more
Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

X
more
Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

X
more
Ierapetra
Ierapetra

Ierapetra

Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα) is the fourth largest city of Crete and also the largest town located in the Lassithi prefecture.

X
more
Diaskari - Green Beach
Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari Beach, also known as Green Beach, is less than 3 km from Makry Gialos.

X
more
Koufonissi - cruise to the island
Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi is a small island in the Libyan Sea, located just a stone's throw from the southern coast of Crete.

X
more
Makry Gialos
Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos is one of the less-appreciated tourist destinations in Crete.

X
more
Sitia
Sitia

Sitia

Less than 10,000 population of Sitia makes the city the smallest in Crete. Some even go a step further and say perversely that it is rather the largest village of Crete.

X
more
Napoleon's house
Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house is one of the few typically tourist attractions in Ierapetra. About what could have happened here in the summer of 1798 and possibly how much in this legend is the truth we write in the article on the page below.

X
more
Data publikacji:
Data modyfikacji:
Średnia: NAN
Liczba ocen: 0
  • 0.5
  • 1.0
  • 1.5
  • 2.0
  • 2.5
  • 3.0
  • 3.5
  • 4.0
  • 4.5
  • 5.0
 
 
Oceniłeś na:
 
Wszystkie treści i zdjęcia występujące w serwisie są naszą własnością.
Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.

Komentarze

Wypełnij poniższy formularz aby dodać komentarz

lub kliknij w poniższy link aby skorzystać z możliwosci komentowania przez facebooka:
https://www.facebook.com/crete.poland/posts/10154314787247551

Nazwa użytkownika:

Adres e-mail:

Tytuł:

Treść:

Przepisz kod z obrazka:
Kod obrazka

Wpisanie prawidowego kodu oznacza zgodę na przetwarzanie danych w celu wyświetlania komentarza.
Kontakt Administratorem Danych Osobowych zgromadzonych na stronie możliwy jest pod adresem mailowym [email protected]

Zapisz komentarz
Zapisz komentarz

Inne strony tej kategorii

Gournia - an unnamed settlement

Gournia - an unnamed settlement

It is recognized that Gournia was inhabited between 3000 BC and 1200 BC and is one of the few cities unearthed to a large extent. In other major cities, archaeologists focused mainly on discovering palace buildings, while in Gournia, apart from the palace, urban buildings, residential houses and a road network were also discovered.

Roussolakos - ruins of the Minoan city next to Palekastro

Roussolakos - ruins of the Minoan city next to Palekastro

Redirected from the site - Paleokastro. Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos, which is worth visiting in this region of Crete.

Knossos - concrete excavations

Knossos - concrete excavations

Knossos is one of the flagship monuments visited by tourists, it is also the most popular place where organized trips go. One of the more characteristic elements associated with the Knossos Palace is the red columns. Although they are currently made of concrete, they were originally made of cypress trunk.

Booking.com Click and Boat

Polecamy:

Oliwa i kosmetyki organiczne Olivaloe

Najnowsze komentarze:

Jolanta Henka: Red bull cytując przewodnika!
Magda Albin: 
Jacek Olkowski: Miał szczęście.
Caroline Dixon: #JIM Jim Dixon
Christikos Hellenikos Germanikos: 
Marieclaude Surquin: merveilleux souvenir !!
Serge Vanwildemeersch: Bravo
Virginie Kpp: Mathieu Ayden
Edyta Bednarczyk: Piękne miejsce naprawdę godne uwagi
Beata Hendzel: Kreta mnie urzekła trochę już zwiedzilam i moje marzenie to zamieszkac tam jak będę na emeryturze
Ania Łuczyńska: Planujemy zobaczyć w maju. Każdy Wasz post powoduję zwiększenie ilości odwiedzonych miejsc, a lecimy tylko na 7 dni: Rethymno, Spinalonga, Pałac w Knossos...
Adam Peceniuk: Byłem, pięknie, najlepiej samochód i górskie bezdroża i wsie z klimatem
Beata Hendzel: 
Beata Hendzel: Byłam widziałam można poczuć klimat starożytności
Katarzyna Czajęcka: 
Anitaki Mn: Ale okropnie się zaplątał
Sylwia Wiśniewska: 
Gosia | crete.pl : Autora nie znamy, film znaleźliśmy na portalu greekreporter.com
gość PiotrWie: Piotrze, skąd pochodzi ten film? W dolnej części jest napis "Video Porto Lenta" - tak nazywa się nasza ulubiona tawerna w Lentas - w czerwcu 2014 odwiedzaliśmy ją codziennie przez jakieś 10 dni, gdy przyszliśmy w czerwcu 2017 ponownie od drzwi zostaliśmy rozpoznani - doskonale nas pamiętali.
Joanna Kuźmińska: Brawo
Milena Watros: Cudowne stworzenie ❤
Jolanta Stolarczyk: Brawo!!!
Krystyna Jurczyńska: BRAWO
Katerina Skourteli: ενα πολυ μεγαλο μπραβο!!!
Mariusz Mikuś: BRAWO!

Ciekawe miejsca na Krecie

CRETE Copyright © 2009-19 Linki | Kontakt