Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

A graveyard in Armeni

The Late-Romanesque cemetery in Armeni is located on the outskirts of this town, located less than 10 km south of the center of Rethymno. If you spend your holidays in this area, it is worth coming to this interesting archaeological site. Although it was discovered in 1969 by Yiannis Tzedakis, excavations are still carried out to this day.

Armeni - view of the excavations

After entering the cemetery you will find yourself on a flat area with trees. In the shade of olive groves and oaks, the entrances to around 200 tombs are hidden. Archaeologists defined their origin from 1300/50 BC. The tombs were carefully laid out and arranged on the east-west axis. All of them have been carved underground in soft rocks, and most of them have a low and small hole. At some entrances to the burial chambers, there are also stones that once closed them. Only one tomb located in the further part of the excavation site is a large and deep classical Minoan tomb of the so-called tholos. From the ground level, a narrow stone staircase leads to it. You can enter this tomb as far as possible, especially when automatic lighting is installed inside.


The different size of the tombs served to emphasize the social status of the deceased. The bigger and more impressive the grave, the more prestigious its owner was. Archaeologists distinguished three types of burial chambers: round, semicircular, and the most dignified were built on a rectangular plan. Along the walls of these most important burial chambers there was a characteristic low bench.

Knowledge about life hidden in tombs

Archaeologists who discovered this cemetery most surprised that the graves were very well preserved and, most importantly, they had not been plundered. They found about 500 skeletons, which turned out to be very valuable, because on their basis you could learn more about people living in Minoan times, their daily diet and health. These people were rather poor by modern standards. The average men's height was 1.67 m and women 1.54 m. They lived quite briefly: 31 years men, 28 women, although they often died earlier, at the age of 20-25, probably during complicated births. Former inhabitants of Crete often suffered from bone cancer, tuberculosis, or Brucellosis, an infectious bacterial disease occurring in both animals and humans. Minorite was also an accident of caries, as much as 25% of the then population at the time of death no longer had teeth. Based on skeletal examinations, it was discovered that people of that time were primarily fed on plant foods and carbohydrates, and to a lesser extent meat.

A coffin from one of the tombs in Armeni

Other finds were posthumous equipment of the deceased. Most often it was ceramics from various places of Crete, bronze vessels, tools, jewelry, stone vases and four cylindrical seals from the Middle East. One of the most interesting discoveries was the type of helmet made of 59 boar tusks. Coffins decorated with symbols of labrys, ie double axes and scenes from hunting were also discovered. Today, these artifacts can be seen in archaeological museums in Rethymno and Chania.

Archaeologists also have to answer the question why a so-large cemetery was established in a place where there was no bigger Minoan city. Perhaps it served the inhabitants of a settlement located a little further in the Kastellos area.


How to get?

You should take the New National Road at the altitude of Rethymno and follow the well-marked road leading to Spili and Agia Gallini. After about 8 km and a dozen minutes drive around Armeni, you should notice a characteristic brown signpost indicating the presence of an archaeological site. There is a parking lot in front of the entrance where you can leave your car.

Access map to Armeni

Excavations are open daily, except Monday, from 8:30 to 15. Entry to the excavation site costs 2 €. When planning a trip, remember to cover your head and bottle of water, because despite the trees, the sun roasts here mercilessly. If you want to look into smaller tombs, you will also need a flashlight.

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Interesting places on Crete

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Knossos
Knossos

Knossos

Knossos is one of the flagship monuments visited by tourists, it is also the most popular place where organized trips go.

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Heraklion
Heraklion

Heraklion

Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest Greek city.

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Margarites
Margarites

Margarites

Dozens of craft workshops located in this small mountain village make Margarites one of the four main centers where traditional Cretan ceramics are made.

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Heraklion - airport
Heraklion - airport

Heraklion - airport

International airport. Nikos Kazantzakis in Heraklion is currently the largest airport in Crete.

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Heraklion
Heraklion

Heraklion

Heraklion (Iraklion) is the largest city of Crete. With almost 140,000 inhabitants, it is the fourth largest Greek city.

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Moni Arkadiou
Moni Arkadiou

Moni Arkadiou

The date of the foundation of Moni Arkadiou (Arkadi) is not exactly known. According to tradition, the name of this church refers to the name of the Emperor Arkadiusz, who supposedly was to be its founder.

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Moni Arkadiou
Moni Arkadiou

Moni Arkadiou

The date of the foundation of Moni Arkadiou (Arkadi) is not exactly known. According to tradition, the name of this church refers to the name of the Emperor Arkadiusz, who supposedly was to be its founder.

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Rethymnon
Rethymnon

Rethymnon

Rethymnon with around 40,000 inhabitants are the third largest city of Crete. This place was populated already in the Minoan period. Historically, the city was an important commercial center.

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Thrapsano
Thrapsano

Thrapsano

Thrapsano is a small town inhabited by slightly over 2,500 people, the vast majority of which until recently maintained their activity as a potter.

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Skinaria
Skinaria

Skinaria

Skinaria is a small beach located along a small bay, whose outlet on both sides ends with a rocky coast. It is still a little-known place overlooked by mass tourism

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Skinaria
Skinaria

Skinaria

Skinaria is a small beach located along a small bay, whose outlet on both sides ends with a rocky coast. It is still a little-known place overlooked by mass tourism

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Jaskinia Idi
Jaskinia Idi

Jaskinia Idi

According to Greek mythology, Zeus hid (and perhaps even gave birth) in the Ida cave. This myth is the greatest asset of this cave, which is not as interesting and beautiful as the Dikte cave.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Tripiti
Tripiti

Tripiti

Tripiti is a small beach covered with a mixture of gray sand, gravel and stones. Despite the fact that the beach is unorganized and has a semi-natural appearance, one small tavern works here.

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Plakias
Plakias

Plakias

Plakias is a perfect place for people who like to spend time hiking. In the area of the town and the surrounding area, there are several hiking trails that lead to interesting beaches.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Preveli monastery
Preveli monastery

Preveli monastery

Currently, the lower monastery is still not open to the public and is not used by the monks. The buildings of the upper monastery have undergone partial renovation and are the main seat of the Preveli monastery.

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Gorge Kourtaliotiko
Gorge Kourtaliotiko

Gorge Kourtaliotiko

The Kourtaliotiko Gorge, also known as the Asomatos Gorge, is perhaps one of the most spectacular natural attractions available in the central part of Crete.

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Minoan Agia Triada
Minoan Agia Triada

Minoan Agia Triada

Agia Triada is a small Minoan archaeological site in the south of Crete, located near Timpaki, located on the western slope of the hill about 40 meters above sea level.

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Fajstos
Fajstos

Fajstos

Około 60 kilometrów na południowy zachód od stolicy Krety - Heraklionu znajdują się ruiny drugiego co do wielkości starożytnego pałacu - Fajstos.

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Melidoni Cave
Melidoni Cave

Melidoni Cave

Currently, Melidoni Cave (originally called Gerontospilios) is associated mainly with the tragic events that took place here in 1824.

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Koules Fortress
Koules Fortress

Koules Fortress

This fortress is a perfect example of Crete's multiculturalism. Located today in Greek hands, it was built by the Venetians, but is called a name taken from the Turkish language.

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Archeological museum
Archeological museum

Archeological museum

It is one of the most important and largest museums in Greece and one of the most important in Europe.

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Tylissos
Tylissos

Tylissos

Tylissos is one of the few places in Crete that has kept its name since ancient times.

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Damnoni
Damnoni

Damnoni

Plaża w Damnoni jest położona po sąsiedzku z Plakias - popularną turystyczną miejscowością

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Agios Pavlos
Agios Pavlos

Agios Pavlos

Agios Pavlos is a small town located on the southern coast of Crete near Saktouria.

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Triopetra
Triopetra

Triopetra

Triopetra is located at the foot of the Siderotas mountain about 52 km south of Rethymno.

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Agia Galini
Agia Galini

Agia Galini

gia Galini (Αγία Γαλήνη) jest jednym z najpopularniejszych nadmorskich kurortów na południowym wybrzeżu Krety.

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Skinakas Observatory
Skinakas Observatory

Skinakas Observatory

The observatory is located at the top of the Skinakas mountain at an altitude of 1750 m. The idea for its construction was born in 1984.

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Armeni
Armeni

Armeni

The Late-Romanesque cemetery in Armeni is located on the outskirts of this town, located less than 10 km south of the center of Rethymno.

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Military Museum
Military Museum

Military Museum

The museum presents the dramatic history of Crete written over the last several hundred years.

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Argyroupolis
Argyroupolis

Argyroupolis

The modern settlement known as Argyroupolis was built on the site of the ancient city of Lappa (also called Lambi)

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Lentas
Lentas

Lentas

Lentas is a good idea for those who want to get away from villages steeped in industrial tourism.

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Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos
Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos

Labyrinthaki and Labyrinthos

This ancient quarry, consisting of two parts by modern times, is called Λαβυρινθάκι and Λαβύρινθος.

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Archeological Museum in Eleftherna
Estiatorio Chrisopigi
Estiatorio Chrisopigi

Estiatorio Chrisopigi

If anyone of you is looking for a good restaurant near Matala and Kalamaki, then we would like to recommend estiório Chrisopigi.

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Gortyna
Gortyna

Gortyna

Gortyna is considered one of the most extensive excavations in Greece.

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Psiloritis - Timios Stavros
Psiloritis - Timios Stavros

Psiloritis - Timios Stavros

Psiloritis (Timios Stavros - Holy Cross) is the top of the highest mountain of Crete, rising to 2456 m above sea level.

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Rouvas Gorge
Rouvas Gorge

Rouvas Gorge

Rouvas Gorge is one of the most interesting places in this part of Crete. The interesting trail leads in a perfect way to the changing appearance of this gorge.

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Matala
Matala

Matala

Matala is one of the most popular towns not only of the southern coast but also of the whole of Crete. In the 1960s and 1970s, this small fishing village was a mecca for hippies.

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Monastery of Odigitrias
Monastery of Odigitrias

Monastery of Odigitrias

The Odigitrias Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries of southern Crete. Unfortunately, in terms of popularity, he is far from other Cretan monasteries.

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Kali Limenes
Kali Limenes

Kali Limenes

Kali Limenes (meaning Dobre Porty or Piękny Przystanie) is a coastal town located in the Asterousia Mountains on the southern coast of Crete.

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Vathipetro
Vathipetro

Vathipetro

In addition to the famous grand palaces on the island in the Minoan period, a number of smaller residences were created. One of the most important examples is the Vathipetro discovered about 5 km north of Archanes, on the southeastern slope of Mount Juchtas in the central part of Crete.

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Komentarze

 Urszula Łongiewka
Urszula Łongiewka
2015-06-22 19:19:26

Zasmuciły mnie informacje o krótkim życiu i chorobach Minojczyków. Mam nadzieję, że dotyczyło to tylko ludzi żyjących w schyłkowym okresie cywilizacji minojskiej, a właściwie to już mykeńskiej. Okres wcześniejszego rozkwitu cywilizacji na Krecie zawsze wydawał mi się "czasem szczęśliwości". A może to tylko moje wyobrażenie?

2
 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2015-06-22 19:28:45

Niestety wydaje się, że wiele naszych wyobrażeń o ówczesnym życiu na Krecie nie opiera się na prawdziwych faktach a jedynie na wyobrażeniach podpatrzonych w ówczesnej sztuce czy też bardziej bliskich nam współczesnych powieściach lub co gorsza na najbardziej kłamliwych kinowych ekranizacji. Odbierając sobie nasze obecne dobrodziejstwa cywilizacji (choćby tylko wirtualnie) łatwo domyślić się jak ciężkie i ryzykowne było życie w czasach minojskich.

 Zamieszkaj na Krecie
Zamieszkaj na Krecie
2015-06-22 19:39:58

Polecamy odwiedzenie Muzeum Archeologicznego w Rethymonie i Chanii, gdzie można obejrzeć sarkofagi wydobyte w Armenii.

 Urszula Łongiewka
Urszula Łongiewka
2015-06-22 19:59:01

A jak wspaniale Zbigniew Herbert opisał sarkofag z Hagii Triady.

 CRETE
CRETE
2015-06-22 19:59:17

Podpisujemy się pod tym. Oba muzea są stosunkowo niewielkie, ale zasługują na uwagę :)

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 Urszula Łongiewka
Urszula Łongiewka
2015-06-22 20:03:15

Miałam okazję być w muzeum w Rethymonie. Jest rzeczywiście ciekawe i ma swój klimat.

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 Zamieszkaj na Krecie
Zamieszkaj na Krecie
2015-06-22 19:41:23

Ale zdarzyła nam się w Armenii i taka sytuacja :

1
 Zamieszkaj na Krecie
Zamieszkaj na Krecie
2015-06-22 19:42:20

Na szczęście znaleźliśmy dziurę w płocie okalającym wykopaliska :-)

 CRETE
CRETE
2015-06-22 19:53:54

Dziura w płocie to czasami jedyny sposób na zwiedzenie niedostępnych wykopalisk. My właśnie przez takie dodatkowe wejście zwiedzaliśmy niewielkie, wiecznie zamknięte, wykopaliska w Vasiliki niedaleko Ierapetra.

 Urszula Łongiewka
Urszula Łongiewka
2015-06-22 19:45:34

Nie natknęłam się na żadne informacje o wojnach w okresie wczesno- i średnio - minojskim. Ale mieszkańcy Krety z tego okresu musieli się oczywiście zmagać z siłami natury. Zdaję sobie sprawę, że ślady, które po sobie zostawili docierają do mnie w formie przetworzonej. Fascynują mnie jednak bardzo - poprzez sztukę i przede wszystkim poprzez tajemnicę.

2
 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2015-06-22 19:51:38

Dokładnie. Na nas ogromne wrażenie robi również poziom ówczesnej technologi oraz wysoki rozwój w stosunku do tego co działo się w północnej części Europy. Ta spuścizna, która wciąż obecna jest w kreteńskiej ziemi i ciągle czeka na odkrycie, jest po prostu niesamowita. Wiele racji mają te osoby które mówią że to nasza prawdziwa europejska kolebka cywilizacji :).

1

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Gortyna - the ruins of an ancient metropolis

Gortyna - the ruins of an ancient metropolis

Gortyna is considered one of the most extensive excavations in Greece. Currently, the ruins of the former capital of Crete occupy an area of ​​approximately 400 hectares. You must be aware, however, that what is shared with our eyes is still only a small part of the treasures that this part of Crete conceals.

Káto Zákros (Ζάκρος)

Káto Zákros (Ζάκρος)

Redirected from the site - Káto Zákros (Ζάκρος). Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros. Rocky mountains surround the ruins of the palace complex with the remains of a once thriving city, built on a fairly hard-to-reach and inhabited area. Paradoxically, Zakros, being several centuries ago, a city with extensive contacts with other countries, was (and is actually still) the most isolated Minoan center on the island.

Tylissos

Tylissos

Tylissos is one of the few places in Crete that has kept its name since ancient times. Between 1200 and 1000 BC, many settlements were abandoned by their inhabitants, who founded new villages in more inaccessible areas. Tylissos is an exception because it was inhabited all the time, thanks to which cultural continuity was maintained and the development of the religious center took place.

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