Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Itanos

Itanos

The ruins of the ancient city of Itanos are located at the eastern tip of Crete, less than 3 kilometers north of the famous palm beach of Vai . Although there are also nice beaches at Itanos, unlike its well-known neighbor, this place does not attract crowds. There are either accidental stray tourists or excavation enthusiasts here.

According to some sources, the founders of Itanos came from Phenicia. The first mention of the existence of the city already appear in Homer. In later centuries, the Greek historian Herodot wrote about him:

[...] then it did not rain on the Tara for seven years; all the trees on the island have died, except for one. So when the Teutons asked the oracle what to do, they advised Pitia to found a colony in Libya. Since they had no other remedy against evil, they sent envoys to Crete to investigate whether any of the Cretans or settlers had already reached Libya. Messengers, wandering around the island, came to the city of Itanos; there they met with a purple dye sculptor named Korobios who told them that, windswept, he got to Libya, namely the island of P late a. They rented this man and took him to Terra. [...]


Excavations at Itanos

The first excavation work in Itanos began in 1900 Federico Halbherr. He is a well-known Italian archaeologist who worked at the famous archaeological sites in Phaistos, Gortina and Agia Triada. It was thanks to him that he discovered the boards of Gotez with the code of rights he had. Further research was conducted here by Conrad Bursian, French Archaeological School, currently archaeological works are organized under the tutelage of the Institute for Mediterranean Studies.

Although the current excavations in Itanos are not very impressive and extensive, it is necessary to know that in the past this place, due to its strategic location, was an important center of trade with Egypt and the Middle East. At that time, it was also one of the most influential cities in eastern Crete. For a long time, it controlled a few nearby islands. Porphyry, sponges, glass and fish were exported on trade routes. Profits from sales and revenues related to the control of the Zeus sanctuary in Palekastro have made the city extremely rich, as evidenced by the marble from which the temples were built and luxury homes in ancient Itanos.

Columns in Itanos

Fight for domination in the region

The dynamic development and increasing influence of this city caused that it later fell into conflict with nearby Praisos. The point of this dispute was the Itanos control over the aforementioned Temple of Zeus. In view of the growing conflict in 146 BC, the inhabitants of Itanos turned to Ptolemy VI called Filmmoror, the ruler of Egypt, to help them in conflict with Praisos. The Pharaoh, in response to his request, sent on Kreta armed forces and guards who effectively contributed to the end of this war.

Another conflict, in which Itanos was involved, was also fought between this village and Ierapytna. Here the bone of discord became the island of Lefki (formerly Koufonissi), which was an important center for the production of red dye, known for its tyranian purple. This island eventually became the property of Itanos. This is indicated by the stone plaque, which is built into the wall above the entrance to the nearby Moni Toplou monastery.

The end of the dispute with Praisos and Ierapytna did not mean the end of the troubles of the inhabitants of Itanos. Local conflicts broke through this area of ​​Crete until the Roman invasion, which took place in 67 AD. The new rulers of the island allowed Itanos to regain dominance in this region of Crete. The Romans also agreed that the city would beat its coins and that its representatives would find themselves in the Cretan parliament. The autonomy and wealth of the city lasted until the Byzantine times.


Ruins of the Basilica in Itanos

The final fall

Despite the fact that in 795 the city was destroyed as a result of a strong earthquake, it was rebuilt by the inhabitants. In the fifteenth century, after a series of pirate attacks, Itanos was finally destroyed and abandoned by the then inhabitants.

Formerly, the city was located on the plain between twohills. Today, among the ruins spread on the eastern hill are the remains of an ancient acropolis, a three-nave basilica from the 5th-6th centuries and a graveyard with a grave from the Hellenistic period located north of Itanos. The remains of the walls of old buildings are full here. The impression is made of cracked overturned columns and fragments of broken pottery, which in many places densely cover the ground. A large part of excavated artifacts such as coins, pots, gold earrings and inscriptions is stored in the archaeological museum in Sitia and Heraklion. It is worth mentioning that despite the excavation work carried out here for years, most of the old city is still underground and waiting to be discovered.

Beach in Itanos

Place of three beaches

There are three beaches at Itanos called Erimoupolis, which is also the name of this region. One is right at the end of the road, the other two can be reached on foot. The best one is hidden behind the hill to the north of the parking lot located on the main road. These beaches are not crowded, so exploring the excavation can be combined with rest and swimming.

As a result of earthquakes that have haunted Crete for centuries, the western part of the island is slowly floating (6-9 meters in the last 2000 years), while the eastern part is slowly decreasing. As a result of these changes, part of the ancient Itanos is now under water and is now a habitat for marine animals and plants, which makes it a paradise for diving enthusiasts.

How to get

To get to Itanos, first of all, head towards Vai , but at the last turn heading for this beach you should not turn in the right direction, just go straight on. One and a half kilometers further, at the end of the road, there are excavations. In 2015, the admission was free.

Itanos-access

west
central
east

Interesting places on Crete

↤ click the appropriate part of the island to change the bottom map

Malia
Malia

Malia

Information about one of the more known tourist cities of Crete, or about Malia. Description of attractions located in the city of Malia and a description of the specificity of this town.

X
more
Kritsa
Kritsa

Kritsa

Kritsa is one of the largest villages in Crete. The village has a lot of shops with local crafts.

X
more
Lasithi
Lasithi

Lasithi

The Lasithi Plateau is located about 70 kilometers from the capital of Crete - Heraklion. The average height at which the terrain of this plateau is located is 840 m above sea level.

X
more
Dikte Cave
Dikte Cave

Dikte Cave

One of the tourist attractions eagerly visited by people spending their holidays in Crete is the Dikte (Psychro) cave. The main factors that attract people to this cave are a rich and varied dripstone robe and a close connection with mythology.

X
more
Panagia Kera
Panagia Kera

Panagia Kera

Among the olive groves in the place called Logari, which is less than a kilometer from the village of Kritsa, there is a small Byzantine church of Panagia Kera from the 13th-14th centuries.

X
more
Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

X
more
Gorge Ha
Gorge Ha

Gorge Ha

Most people crossing the route between Agios Nikolaos and Ierapetra will definitely notice the large crack which is marked by the mountain located east of this road. This majestic geological creation called Ha was probably created as a result of an earthquake.

X
more
Xerokambos
Xerokambos

Xerokambos

Xerokambos is a small settlement in which you will find literally several taverns, and most of the buildings are single-storey and one-story houses. The big advantage of this beach is a gentle sandy descent to the sea.

X
more
Agios Nikolaos
Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος) is a small town with less than 20,000 inhabitants. permanent residents (according to statistical data from 2001). This city is the capital of the Lasithi nomos.

X
more
Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

X
more
Elounda
Elounda

Elounda

Although Elounda seems to be a sleepy fishing town to this day, however, appearances should not fool you, because this town and its surroundings can boast of probably the largest number of the best hotels.

X
more
Stalida
Stalida

Stalida

Stalida is located directly along the coast and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Crete, which definitely comes alive with the advent of the tourist season

X
more
Lato
Lato

Lato

The ancient city of the LATO can be found near the charming village of Krista near Agios Nikolaos.

X
more
Gournia
Gournia

Gournia

It is recognized that Gournia was inhabited between 3000 BC. 1,200 BC and is one of the few cities unearthed to a large extent.

X
more
Zakros
Zakros

Zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

X
more
zakros
zakros

zakros

Zakros is the fourth-largest Minoan palace in Crete in importance and size. This latest found, built on the east coast of the island is located in the village of Káto Zákros.

X
more
Palace in Malia
Palace in Malia

Palace in Malia

The first palace was built around 1900 BC. in the place where there was a quite impressive settlement whose remains were later transformed into the central part of the city.

X
more
Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Moni Toplou
Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou

Moni Toplou (Μονή Τοπλού) also called as The Great Monastery is one of the most beautiful and important monasteries in Crete.

X
more
Mochlos
Mochlos

Mochlos

Mochlos is a small town located roughly halfway between Agios Nikolaos and Sitia.

X
more
Vai
Vai

Vai

O Vai zrobiło się głośno, gdy w latach 70-tych na tle palmowego gaju nakręcono reklamę kokosowych batoników Bounty.

X
more
Spinalonga
Spinalonga

Spinalonga

This inconspicuous little island located about 5 km from the center of Elounda is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Crete.

X
more
Trypitos
Trypitos

Trypitos

When heavy equipment entered the promontory near Sitia, no one expected that this area contained the ruins of the Hellenic city.

X
more
Richtis
Richtis

Richtis

The abundance of water and shade mean that even at the peak of the tourist season, this place is full of lush vegetation.

X
more
Chamaizi
Chamaizi

Chamaizi

At the top of a cone-shaped hill called Souvloto Mouri, the remains of an unusual building with a unique oval shape were discovered.

X
more
Moni Toplou Winery
Itanos
Itanos

Itanos

The ruins of the ancient city of Itanos are located at the eastern tip of Crete, less than 3 kilometers north of the famous palm beach of Vai. Although there are also nice beaches at Itanos, unlike its well-known neighbor, this place does not attract crowds. There are either accidental stray tourists or excavation enthusiasts here.

X
more
Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

X
more
Roussolakos
Roussolakos

Roussolakos

Just over 2 km from Palekastro, next to Chiona beach, there is a large archaeological site called Roussolakos

X
more
Ierapetra
Ierapetra

Ierapetra

Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα) is the fourth largest city of Crete and also the largest town located in the Lassithi prefecture.

X
more
Diaskari - Green Beach
Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari - Green Beach

Diaskari Beach, also known as Green Beach, is less than 3 km from Makry Gialos.

X
more
Koufonissi - cruise to the island
Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi - cruise to the island

Koufonissi is a small island in the Libyan Sea, located just a stone's throw from the southern coast of Crete.

X
more
Makry Gialos
Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos

Makry Gialos is one of the less-appreciated tourist destinations in Crete.

X
more
Sitia
Sitia

Sitia

Less than 10,000 population of Sitia makes the city the smallest in Crete. Some even go a step further and say perversely that it is rather the largest village of Crete.

X
more
Napoleon's house
Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house

Napoleon's house is one of the few typically tourist attractions in Ierapetra. About what could have happened here in the summer of 1798 and possibly how much in this legend is the truth we write in the article on the page below.

X
more
Zakros and Kato Zakros
Zakros and Kato Zakros

Zakros and Kato Zakros

Zakros is a small town on the east coast of Crete, less than 40 km south-east of Sitia.

X
more
Moni Kpasa
Moni Kpasa

Moni Kpasa

Moni Kapsa Monastery is one of the most interesting monasteries in Crete. Its massive buildings were erected on rocky, gray slopes surrounding the nearby Pervolakia Gorge.

X
more
Data publikacji:
Data modyfikacji:
Średnia: NAN
Liczba ocen: 0
  • 0.5
  • 1.0
  • 1.5
  • 2.0
  • 2.5
  • 3.0
  • 3.5
  • 4.0
  • 4.5
  • 5.0
 
 
Oceniłeś na:
 
Wszystkie treści i zdjęcia występujące w serwisie są naszą własnością.
Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.

Komentarze

 Zofia Sokołowska
Zofia Sokołowska
2016-03-29 05:25:51

I was there. Beatifull place.

1
 gość}
gość PiotrWie
2016-03-29 09:10:40

My mieliśmy pecha - jak dojechaliśmy do Itanos zaczął padać deszcz - w czerwcu!! - i to nie taki deszczyk jak sie zdarza ne Krecie, a konkretny - jak w Polsce. Jak dojechaliśmy potem do Palokastro to była taka ulwea że przez 15 min nie dało się wysiąść z samochodu. Ale na pewno tam wrócimy.

Wypełnij poniższy formularz aby dodać komentarz

lub kliknij w poniższy link aby skorzystać z możliwosci komentowania przez facebooka:
https://www.facebook.com/crete.poland/posts/10153509161547551

Nazwa użytkownika:

Adres e-mail:

Tytuł:

Treść:

Przepisz kod z obrazka:
Kod obrazka

Wpisanie prawidowego kodu oznacza zgodę na przetwarzanie danych w celu wyświetlania komentarza.
Kontakt Administratorem Danych Osobowych zgromadzonych na stronie możliwy jest pod adresem mailowym [email protected]

Zapisz komentarz
Zapisz komentarz

Inne strony tej kategorii

Lato

Lato

The ruins of the ancient city of LATO can be found near the charming village of Krista near Agios Nikolaos. This is one of my favorite excavations in Crete. Located on the sidelines, without crowds of crowds, exposed to the burning sun, which heats mercilessly the stone remains of the city. The atmosphere of isolation is conducive to such sightseeing that I prefer the most. It leaves room for both reverie over the former inhabitants of this place and a picturesque photographic plein-air without tourists entering the lens.

Gortyna - the ruins of an ancient metropolis

Gortyna - the ruins of an ancient metropolis

Gortyna is considered one of the most extensive excavations in Greece. Currently, the ruins of the former capital of Crete occupy an area of ​​approximately 400 hectares. You must be aware, however, that what is shared with our eyes is still only a small part of the treasures that this part of Crete conceals.

A graveyard in Armeni

A graveyard in Armeni

The Late-Romanesque cemetery in Armeni is located on the outskirts of this town, located less than 10 km south of the center of Rethymno. If you spend your holidays in this area, it is worth coming to this interesting archaeological site. Although it was discovered in 1969 by Yiannis Tzedakis, excavations are still carried out to this day.

Booking.com

Polecamy:

Oliwa i kosmetyki organiczne Olivaloe

Najnowsze komentarze:

gość Arturrro: Abstrahując od faktu zamkniętych lotnisk w Polsce, to Polska nie znalazła się jednak na liście krajow których obywatele będą mogli od 15 czerwca podróżować do Grecji. Lista ma być zaktualizowana przed 1 lipca. Ciekawe tylko kiedy, bo jednak chciałbym wcześniej wiedzieć czy mój lot 1 lipca się odbędzie. 
Małgorzata Stawarz: polaków nie uwzględnili na liście
gość PiotrWie: Grecja właśnie ogłosiła otwarcie granic od 15 czerwca dla obywateli 29 krajów. Zgodnie z moimi przewidywani nie ma wśród nich Polski. Przed 1 lipca lista będzie aktualizowana w zależności od sytuacji epidemicznej. Jaka jest ,- każdy widzi, więc się okaże czy będziemy mogli pojechać do Grecji.
Szymczyk Estera: Ja też w sierpniu miała lecieciec z rodziną i tez na następne wakacje polecimy pozdrawiam
gość Marta: Byłam w Lissos pieszo z Sugi w lipcu zeszłego roku. Półtoragodzinny treking zapiera dech ☺
Marek Chochla: Kreta jak zawsze wybuchowa
Gabriela Marcin: Dobrze że to nie covid
Szweda Urszula Mirosław: My mamy lecieć we wrześniu do Hersonissos i też rezygnujmy, pozostaje czekać do przyszłego roku
Jacek K-reta: Dziękuję bardzo za namiastkę Krety. Mieliśmy być już za tydzień.
Karina Ewa Starowicz: 
Gosia | crete.pl : Niekoniecznie bo przecież Polska znalazła się na liście 19 krajów, których obywatele będą mogli wjechać na terytorium Grecji już 15 czerwca (piszemy o tym w powyższym newsie). Czyli zgoda Greków jest, brak jest decyzji po stronie polskiego rządu.
gość PiotrWie: Niekoniecznie Polska nie chce - może być tak że nie może puścić swoich obywateli do Grecji póki nie osiągnie podobnego poziomu epidemicznego, na razie to raczej mamy ilość zakażeń bliższą poziomowi Włoch czy Hiszpanii, nad poziomem Grecji musimy długo popracować.
Magdalena Licau: My niestety przekładamy na przyszły rok
gość Arturrro: PiotrWie, ok tylko to oznaczałoby że to Grecja nie chce turystów z Polski, a sytuacja jest taka że to Polska z gorszą sytuacją epidemiczną nie chce puścić do Grecji  z lepszą sytuacją epidemiczną. Ja miałem pierwotny wylot na początku czerwca i przeniosłem już jakiś czas temu na 1 lipca, bo później mi nie pasuje a o następnym roku jeszcze nie myślę. (...)
gość PiotrWie: Otwarcie granic jest planowane pomiędzy krajami o podobnej sytuacji epidemicznej, a Polska ma dużo gorszą niż Grecja - więc realne jest że to z powodu sytuacji u nas nie jest przewidziane otwarcie granic pomiędzy Polską a Grecją. A termin 1 lipca jest w tym roku pechowy - zanim się dopracuje procedury może być różnie - łącznie z odesłaniem całego samolotu na kwarantannę. (...)
Gosia | crete.pl : Ostatnio też zastanawialiśmy się czy w podtekście nie ma takiego motywu. Im mniej osób pojedzie za granicę tym więcej pieniędzy wydadzą w kraju....
gość Arturrro: Gosiu, logiki w tym wszystkim brak. Może chodzi o to żeby więcej ludzi pojechało nad nasze morze? A może ktoś zapomniał dopisać bo i tego można się spodziewać. Ja mam lot 1 lipca i chciałbym wiedzieć czy polecę (tu zarzut do rządu Polski) i na jakich warunkach (tu do rządu Grecji). Planuję napisać maila do KPRM i ciekawe czy coś odpiszą.
Gosia | crete.pl : Też się nad tym zastanawiamy, bo zapowiedzi wyglądają nieciekawie. Dziwi nas ten brak Grecji na liście skoro otwarte granice mają być do krajów o dobrych wskaźnikach epidemiologicznych. Właśnie Grecja do takich krajów się zalicza bo obecnie mają po kilka nowych przypadków dziennie!
gość Arturrro: Pytanie tylko czy nasz rząd umożliwi lot do Grecji. Czytałem na portalu polskatimes ze od lipca będą Polski loty międzynarodowe ale na liście brak Grecji. Może to się zmienić ale na obecną chwilę wygląda nieciekawie.
Gosia | crete.pl : Grecy dodają cytrynę do bardzo wielu potraw, bo taka jest specyfika ich kuchni a cytryny rosną na drzewach pod oknami, więc są dostępne na wyciągnięcie ręki. Mało tego potrafią po prostu zjeść cytrynę jak pomarańczę. Nie jedzą łososia, tylko ryby pływające w okolicznych wodach. No ale najłatwiej krytykować kuchnię i zwyczaje innych ludzi zupełnie się na tym nie znając. (...)
Anna Godela-Janikowska: Byłam na Krecie w zeszłym roku , w tym roku miałam lot do Egiptu 9 czerwca ,został anulowany ,więc przełożyłam na listopad.
Monika Arek Bukowscy: Platanias
Kasia Bednarek: Przeurocze miejsce byłam w 2011 polecam
Artur Tokarczyk: Paulina Kukla Sebastian Liniewicz Daniel Surowka
gość Piotr Przybecki: Powiem tak: Polscy rybacy bałtyccy, jak robią dla siebie jakąkolwiek rybę smażoną czy wędzoną, nie używają w ogóle cytryny. No bo po co zabijać kwasem smak pysznej ryby? To tylko hodowcy ryb dla zabicia smaku paszy soi GMO lub producenci fałszywego różowego chilijsko-norweskiego hodowlanego anty-ekologicznego stwora zwanego w Polsce „łosoś norweski” zalecają cytrynę. (...)

Ciekawe miejsca na Krecie

CRETE Copyright © 2009-20 Linki | Kontakt