Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

Contemporary history of Crete

[read previous >> History of Crete from Paleolithic to Dark Ages]

[read previous >> History of Crete from the classical era to the first years of freedom]

The Second World War

(1941-1944)

The Second World War also impresses its mark here. In 1941, German air force attacks the island, and despite the enormous resistance of the population and allied troops, the German forces occupy Crete within a few days. Landing in Crete (Operation Mercury) was the largest airborne operation of German troops during World War II. It aimed to destroy the British forces and take strategically important - due to its central location in the Eastern Mediterranean - Crete.
Hitler believed that the Greek island could potentially be very dangerous if left under the control of the British and finally released on April 25th Directive No. 28, in which he ordered to take over Crete by means of an airborne operation.

On May 20, 8,000 paratroopers were thrown into the island, but they encountered the fierce resistance of the Allies (the so-called "Creforce") who, thanks to breaking the "Enigma" cipher, were perfectly informed about German plans. During the first few days of the battle, thousands of German paratroopers died, and only the inefficiency of the "Creforce" command and the total air advantage possessed by the Luftwaffe finally allowed the Germans to tip the scales of victory to their side. Hitler, shocked by the size of the losses, then never allowed any airborne operation, albeit similar to the landing in Crete.

Despite the enormous losses suffered, the Germans advanced, pushing the Allies further and further east towards Chania, where - in the Suda Bay - there was the only safe port of the British fleet. From there, too, from Sfakia on the southern coast, the last branches of the allies in the number of almost 15,000 people evacuated to Cyprus and Egypt.

The civilian population of Crete spontaneously joined the fighting with the Germans. Armed with old rifles (sometimes remembering the times of the anti-Turkish uprising of 1895), forks, axes, and knives, the Cretans captured and killed individual German paratroopers.
Among German soldiers, rumors of torture and cruel killing by the Cretans of wounded and captive paratroopers began to circulate.

These rumors also reached Berlin, where Hermann Göring ordered the use of "the most severe retaliatory steps", including the murder of all male Cretans or their deportation. The effects of German revenge were the first to be felt by the inhabitants of Kastelli, where the Germans shot 200 hostages on May 24.

Repression on a large scale, however, began only at the beginning of June 1941, and the symbol of German atrocities committed on the island became the fate of the villages of Kandanos and Kondomari.

In the place of the village of Kandanos, after the murdering of all inhabitants, animals and arson, the farms left a plaque with the inscription in Greek and German, proclaiming: "In revenge for the bestial murder of German paratroopers, sappers and mountain riflemen by local men, women and children with their priest and for resisting the Great German Reich, Kandanos was destroyed on June 3, 1941. This village will never be rebuilt. "

Until the liberation of the island in May 1945, 3474 inhabitants of Crete were killed by German hands, which was one of the most severely experienced regions of Greece experienced by the German occupation. The response of the Cretans to Nazi terror was the creation of a strong guerrilla movement, which in time limited German rule on the island to only the largest cities.

Post-war years

(1944-1967)

Even before the end of World War II, the Greek Civil War breaks out. For 5 years, the Allies supported the national-monarchist guerrilla, murdering supporters of the communist movement. It was not until 1975 that the amnesty of the last partisans hiding in the vicinity of Sfakia on Crete was announced.

In 1952, Greece joins NATO, while soldiers from the American VI Fleet start stationing in Crete.

The dictatorship of "black colonels"

(1967-1974)

In 1971, the capital of Crete, from Chania to Heraklion, was transferred, which has been fulfilling this role to this day. Another political crisis began in 1965, when a left-wing conspiracy was detected in the army, aimed at the withdrawal of Greece from NATO and the withdrawal of NATO-equipped NATO nuclear weapons from the country. Such a policy did not find recognition in the eyes of the monarch and the majority of officers who, on April 21, 1967, led to a coup. After the seizure of power, the country experienced repression, introduced a state of emergency, imprisoned over 45,000 people, introduced censorship (even a list of writers whose works can not be published was established, including William Shakespeare, Aristophanes or Anton Chekhov) and disallowed political parties. The purge touched the army, police and administration. Brides and mini skirts are forbidden to wear. The next military government wanted to quickly gain recognition and popularity among the Greeks, so he tried to join Cyprus in Greece in 1974 by making a coup d'état. The plans of the junta were thwarted by the rapid reaction of Turkey, which invaded the island and forced the escape of 180,000 Cypriots of Greek descent. It was a "nail to the coffin" of the dictatorship of the "black colonels." After this period in Greece, a referendum was held in which more than 70% of Greeks were in favor of maintaining the republican system.

Contemporary Greek Republic

(from 1974)

After the overthrow of the junta in Greece, democratic governments followed, and Crete began to experience a rapid development of tourism, which, apart from agriculture, became the most important source of income for the Cretans. Crete is developing more dynamically than other regions of Greece.

It is worth mentioning that the years of Arab rule and perennial disputes with Turkey still affect the shape of Greek policy, which spends a lot of its financial resources (also those received in 2010 from the EU as part of help to fight the country's crisis) on armaments. Only on Crete itself, there are currently several dozen F16s in the NATO military base on the Akrotiri peninsula (more than Poland owns).

[read previous >> History of Crete from Paleolithic to Dark Ages]

[read previous >> History of Crete from the classical era to the first years of freedom]

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 gość}
gość nejti1703
2018-05-10 18:13:04

SUPER

Jak się cieszę, że mogłam tu znaleźć tak wiele przydatnych informacji !!

Pozdrawiam ;)

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The symbolic beginning of the street August 25 marks the former Lion Square with the famous Morosini fountain, its end is defined by the sea and harbor buildings. I do not think there is a nicer pedestrian street in Heraklion. Going down the street, we can see the blue of the sea from a distance and the multitude of various pubs invites to take a break in sightseeing. But have you ever wondered if you walk this beautifully landscaped street, where did its name come from? What actually happened that day in 1898, that one of the main streets of the city of Hercules was named this date? Street on August 25 in Heraklion

The Union of Greece with Crete

The Union of Greece with Crete

The Greek flag which flutter on December 1, 1913 above the fortress of Frikas in Chania, was a tangible proof of how strong ties link Crete to continental Greece. Despite hundreds of years of dependence on other superpowers, the Cretans never gave up their culture and their traditions.

The funeral of Nikos Kazantsakis - November 5, 1957

The funeral of Nikos Kazantsakis - November 5, 1957

Crete has always had a special place in the heart of Nikos Kazantsakis. Born on February 18, 1885 in Heraklion, thanks to the care of his parents, he came a long way to becoming one of the most important writers of contemporary Greek literature. Always faithful to his passions and beliefs, he rarely counted on the opinions of other people. In his life, he pointed to dreams and journeys as one of the greatest inspirations, which in 1957 contributed to the fact that the history of his life and work ended.

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Najnowsze komentarze:

gość drozda: My atakowaliśmy tydzień temu od strony morza , po jakimś kilometrze niestety całą szerokością płynie strumień, ale i tak jest fajnie :)
gość PiotrWie: Dzisiaj zrobiło się tak ciepło że o 19 kupiliśmy lody na ulicy. A Rosjanie to się nawet kąpali ale nie wiem może są z Syberii
Andy Hatfield: Drove through it from rythmno to avios pavlos plakias and galini beautiful drive
Danusia Krzyżaniak-Sowa: Będę pozytywnej myśli
Piotrek | www.crete.pl : A u nas w Polsce na ten tydzień zapowiadane są dwa dni z temperaturami podchodzącymi pod 30'C. Na razie jednak póki co mamy bardzo silne wiatry, które podnoszą z ziemi pył i kurz :/
Piotrek | www.crete.pl : Super, że poprawili oznakowanie szlaku, bo wcześniej bywało z tym różnie. Podziwiam, że mimo takiej ilości wody udało Wam się dojść do wodospadu. Pamiętam, że miejscami nawet w czasie kiedy my byliśmy było dosyć ślisko. W szczególności na tych odcinkach gdzie szlak przechodził w błotnistą ścieżkę (niedaleko ruin dawnych młynów wodnych).
Iwona Strzałkowska-Warmuz: Ja w czerwcu
gość PiotrWie: Byliśmy dziś w wąwozie Richtis. Po deszczach jest wysoki poziom wody i pomiędzy mostem a wodospadem jest naprawdę trudno trzeba mocno kombinować by przekraczać strumień. Miejscami kamienie przeznaczone do tego są przykryte 10 centymetrową warstwą wody. Nawet dojście do mostu nie jest takie proste bo kilkudziesięciometrowymi odcinkami woda płynie całą szerokością i jest niebezpiecznie ślisko. (...)
gość PiotrWie: Było zimno - nasz gospodarz stwierdził że jeszcze nie serwował śniadania w kurtce. Ale od dziś się zdecydowanie ociepla i w przyszłym tygodniu ma być już ciepło.
Anna Pielecka: Wrzesień też bywa niepewny. Mnie zawrócili po kilkuset metrach
Joanna Wypych: Początek maja nigdy nie jest pewny jesli chodzi o Samarie. Jesli byly prognozy przelotnych opadow w regionie Chania, dosyc czesto zdarzalo sie zamykanie wawazu na dzien czy dwa. Jak wiadomo ta zima byla koszmarna i stan wody jest jeszcze wysoki.
Aldona Olińska: No właśnie doświadczyłam tego na własnej skórze, no i w ramach małej rekompensaty byłam dzisiaj w wąwozie Imbros
Daniel Gorzelak: Mam nadzieje ze do 20 maja otworzą
Magdalena Woszczek: Aneta Re
Zofia Sokołowska: Zakonczono poszukiwanie Polaka na Krecie
gość gośc XXXX: Dzień dobry, wybieramy się w tym roku w okresie Majówki na Kretę. Zastanawiam sie jak wygląda sytuacja pogodowa obecnie i czy ktoś może przybliżyć jaki rodzaj ubrań powinniśmy sie zaopatrzyć czy bardziej plażowe czy niestety raczej ciepłe swetry i kurtki?  Z góry dziękuje za odpowiedz.
Emilia Ignatowicz-Steć: Jak z pogoda w Stalidzie?
Ewa Blue: Już za tydzień lece
gość PiotrWie: Strategiczne miejsca to akurat te które warto było odwiedzić co najmniej kilkanaście lat temu - pamiętam Elafonisi z kilkunastoma leżakami przy samym parkingu, obecnie należy szukać miejsc o których przewodniki nie wspominają.
gość PiotrWie: Zakyntos jest - tak samo jak np Korfu - dla tych co lubią odpoczywać w tłumie. Kreta jest na tyle duża że da się znaleźć miejsca gdzie na plaży jest się samemu bądź w towarzystwie kilku osób - a na Korfu na większości plaż trudno było znaleźć miejsce na położenie ręcznika. (...)
Adam Machoczek: Wyspa Kos - Kardamena,polecam.
Sylwia Ba Ka: Dziwne bo tam wcale nie jest ladnie:( Kreta jest niestety przereklamowana. Z Greckich wysp to Zakhyntos jest krolową
Przemek Kądraś: W tamtym roku była Kreta właśnie teraz zmiana kierunku :p
Agnes Mokros: Taak
Jola Ostraszewska: Kreta maj i chyba wrzesień
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