Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

The history of Crete from the classical era to the first years of freedom

[read previous >> History of Crete from Paleolithic to Dark Ages]

The classical and Roman epoch

(480 BC - 395 AD)

The growing importance of Athens causes a drastic reduction in the political and iconic role of Crete. In 67 BC, the island gets into the hands of the Romans, who are beginning to introduce their orders. Gortyna becomes the capital of the Roman province called Crete-Kyrene. The Romans are building infrastructure: roads, aqueducts, temples and theaters. Agriculture and culture are developing. All of Greece at this time becomes a Roman province, although its rich culture begins to influence the achievements of the Romans. In AD 59, an apostle Paul comes to the island, whose companion Titus is appointed the first bishop of Crete. The island stands at the beginning of the Christian era ...




The era of business

(337-826 AD)

In 395, the Roman Empire is divided into the eastern and western parts, which in consequence determines the further affiliation of Crete, which has since then been part of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire of Crete owes numerous churches and the impressive basilica of St. Titus in Gortyna, whose magnificent walls have survived to this day, where you can admire it. The rule of the Romans is interrupted in 826 AD by Arabians who invade the island.

Arab rule

(826-961 AD)

The invasion of the Arabs causes a new wave of unrest which is pushing the island. The new invaders destroy all early Christian buildings and persecute the Christian population. Crete is used by Arabians as a starting point for expeditions in the Aegean Sea. The island has a new fortified capital - Rabd el Chandak - present Heraklion.

Second Byzantine era

(961-1204 AD)

In 961, the Byzantines are asking for Crete again and under the leadership of Nikeforos Fokas, they reflect the island. Crete returns to Christianity, followed by economic and cultural revival manifested in wall paintings and sacred architecture.

Venetian epoch

(1204-1669)

In the fourth crusade, the Crusaders conquered Constantinople, which led to the division of the Byzantine Empire between them. Crete came to the Count de Montferrat, who in the same year sold it to the Venetians. They tried to make Kreta look like a homeland in every respect. On the island, which along with its capital Chandak receives the name Kandia, economic and cultural growth is taking place. On the other hand, the local population, plagued by serfdom and taxes by powerful rulers, repeatedly tried to shake off the yoke many times during numerous uprisings. In 1453, Constantinople falls, from where artists and intellectuals flee to Crete. It contributes to the flourishing of art (above all sacred) and architecture, when magnificent churches, fountains, town halls and fortifications are built. The university in Kandy and the monastery school in Agia Ekaterini become loud. Their fame and reputation goes far beyond the boundaries of Crete. This period in the history of Crete is called the Cretan Renaissance.





Turkish epoch

(1669-1898)

The re-entry into the reign of the Turks, who captured the island after the 21-year siege, causes forced Islamization and huge taxes. This and the arbitrariness of the rulers cause the violent opposition of the Cretans, which again leads to bloody uprisings. In 1770, Greeks proclaim independence after one of them, which does not last long. The next year, the Turks regained control of the island. The Cretans are struggling to join Greece. The problem of Crete reaches the world public consciousness due to the tragedy that took place in Moni Arkadiou monastery. In November 1866, the Turks surrounded the monastery in the strength of 15 thousand. soldiers and 30 guns. A few hundred insurgents and about 700 women and children hid in the monastery. After a few days of siege, the Turks broke through the walls. Women and children who hid in the monastery's dustbin died in the air. In addition to 700 women and children, several hundred Turkish soldiers were killed. To this day the skulls of the fallen are exposed in the monastery, and the place itself is a place of national remembrance and independence for the Cretans. The event has had wide repercussions in Europe and the world and was of great importance for the independence of Crete in 1898.

The first years of independence

(1898-1941)

In 1898, the Sultan's army left the island. A substitute of the parliament with Christian and Muslim deputies was created, and the function of High Commissioner of Crete was entrusted to the Greek Prince George I. Until 1913, the then Crete was divided into four zones of occupation by the powers of France, England, Italy and Russia. In 1908, the Republic of Crete declared independence not recognized however, internationally.

The demands of the Cretans for joining their island to Greece are fulfilled thanks to Eleftherios Venizelos, the Cretan Minister of Justice in the government of George I and the later prime minister of all Greece, when Crete was incorporated into Greece on 30 May 1913. Venizelos is also trying to extend the borders of the Greek state to Asia Minor, which ends with a defeat with Turkey (1919-1922). After the conclusion of the peace of Lausanne in 1923, the population was exchanged. Some of the Greeks from Asia Minor settle in Crete, and the island had to leave about 30 thousand Turks.

It is worth remembering that in that hot political period in 1900, British Sir Arthur Evans began excavation work in Knossos, where he quickly discovers traces of fallen Minoan civilization.

[read more >> Contemporary history of Crete]

Data publikacji:
Data modyfikacji:
Średnia: 4.17
Liczba ocen: 3
  • 0.5
  • 1.0
  • 1.5
  • 2.0
  • 2.5
  • 3.0
  • 3.5
  • 4.0
  • 4.5
  • 5.0
 
 
Oceniłeś na:
 
Kreta informacje 4.17 na 5 (0) liczba ocen 3
Wszystkie treści i zdjęcia występujące w serwisie są naszą własnością.
Wykorzystanie ich w dowolnej formie wymaga pisemnej zgody autorów.

Komentarze

Wypełnij poniższy formularz aby dodać komentarz

Nazwa użytkownika:

Adres e-mail:

Tytuł:

Treść:

Przepisz kod z obrazka:
Kod obrazka

Wpisanie prawidowego kodu oznacza zgodę na przetwarzanie danych w celu wyświetlania komentarza.
Kontakt Administratorem Danych Osobowych zgromadzonych na stronie możliwy jest pod adresem mailowym [email protected]

Zapisz komentarz
Zapisz komentarz

Inne strony tej kategorii

Contemporary history of Crete

Contemporary history of Crete

On October 6, 1908, the Republic of Crete declared independence. May 30, 1913 was included in Greece. In 1941, during the Second World War, the island was a scene of a fierce battle between the German paratroopers and the Allied troops defending it.

History of Crete from Paleolithic to Dark Ages

History of Crete from Paleolithic to Dark Ages

Description of the history of Crete. The genesis of the creation of culture, the most important events from the far and near past of this island. Until the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, little was known about the older Stone Age in Crete. Initial information was sporadic and uncertain. Only later discoveries made it possible to establish that the first inhabitants appeared on the southern coasts of the island already in the lower Paleolithic (about 130,000 years ago).

Oxi Day

Oxi Day

Early on the morning of October 28, 1940, at about 3 o'clock, just after the end of the sumptuous banquet that took place at the German embassy, ​​Emanuele Grazzi went to the house of Joanis Metaksas. The Italian ambassador gave the Greek Prime Minister an ultimatum that contained a number of demands. Among them were the possibility of free passage of Italian troops to the Greek-Albanian border, control over airports, ports and other strategic places located on the territory of Greece.

Booking.com

Polecamy:

Oliwa i kosmetyki organiczne Olivaloe

Najnowsze komentarze:

Piotr Iwańczyk: Taka ciekawostka związana z bitwą. Podczas tej batalii miała miejsce niemiecka wersja "Szeregowca Ryan'a". Jednego dnia - 21 maja 1941 - zginęło trzech braci z hrabiowskiego rodu von Blücher. Wolfgang, Leberecht i Hans-Joachim Graf von Blücher.
Kazimierz Maciąg: Kampery też mają swój box
Tomasz Zawitowski: Ile kosztuje prom na Santorini?
Ewa Szumowska: My z Heraklionu płynęliśmy na Santorini katamaranem Wrc
Joanna Tissaoui: Magdalena Chludzińska czy myślisz, że gdyby uruchomiło ten kurs w zeszłym roku, to byśmy jeszcze gdzieś zmieściły Rethymno?
Anna Evelyn: Czekamy na lotnisko w Ierapetra ;
gość marziar: W zeszłym tygodniu byłem na Krecie i przeszedłem cały wąwóz 11 maja , drugi dzień po otwarciu. Cały szlak jestem bardzo dobrym stanie i wygląda rewelacyjnie o tej porze roku. Dojechałem busem z Chani 7.45, wracałem promem 17.30 do chora sfakion i na koniec busem do Chani.
Dana Gołowacz: z jednej strony większa przepustowość,a z drugiej....zaorają :(
Joanna Walkiewicz: byłam, cudnie
gość PiotrWie: Jesli chodzi o GPS używam od lat aplikacji w telefonach - poprzednio Oudoor Navigation for windows, obecnie z powodu odmowy współpracy przez moją stara Nokię przeszedłem na Locus Map - mapa Grecji w tej aplikacji jest dość dokładna. Poza tym używam Avenza Map - o tym napisze poniżej. (...)
Piotrek | www.crete.pl : Piotr dzięki za uwagi, którymi uzupełniłeś artykuł Gosi (ja akurat przy niem niewiele zrobiłem :). Przy okazji mam do Ciebie pytanie odnośnie korzystania z GPS. Jako osoba doświadczona w tej kwestii na pewno będziesz lepiej wiedział. Jakim sprzętem lub oprogramowaniem warto ewentualnie zainteresować się w kwestii wyjazdu na Kretę i ewentualnego wykorzystania tras zarejestrowanych przez innych użytkowników?
Marta Domagała: Bardzo ważne jest dobrze dobrane obuwie. Doświadczyłam tego osobiście, moje buty nie nadawały się do pokonywania olbrzymich głazów , i musiałam część z nich pokonywać na bosaka.
gość PiotrWie: Jako osoba chodząca od lat po górach Krety - dodam do tego co pisał Piotr zdecydowaną sugestię używania trasera - szlaki są znakowane z "polskiego" punktu widzenia fatalnie - wiem co mówię bo zanim zacząłem jeździć na Kretę schodziłem góry Polski, Czech, Słowacji, bywałem w Alpach, poza tym jestem przewodnikiem sudeckim a dopóki nie zacząłem używać trasera GPS zdarzało nam się wielokrotnie gubić szlak - niestety ... (...)
Renata Dzioba: A ja tu od 30 lat mieszkam!!!
Barbara Wieczorek: Byliśmy rok temu- cudowne miejsce
Ewa Szumowska: Byliśmy tam w czasie majówki
Martyna Abu Louz: Byłam, kocham❤️❤️❤️
Ola Mar: A mnie aż tak nie urzekło
Małgorzata Rzeszutek: Pięknie i klimatyczne miasteczko
Monika Lepkowska: Byliśmy rok temu ❤️ przepięknie ❤️❤️❤️
Katarzyna Koreń: Będę we wrześniu. Już się nie mogę doczekać
Marta Domagała: Przykro mi, ale ten filmik nie oddaje nawet w 1% uroku Agios Nikolaos.
Violka Kujawa: Polecam
Aleksandra Cichoń-Szkudlarek: Pięknie tam
Piotr Pietrzak: Cudowne Agios,byliśmy tam kilka lat temu
Click and Boat

Ciekawe miejsca na Krecie

CRETE Copyright © 2009-19 Linki | Kontakt