Crete tourist guide

The best Polish website dedicated to the Greek island Crete and to a small extent of continental Greece. You will find useful information related to visiting Crete that goes beyond the offer of optional tours. On the website you will also find descriptions of the most interesting places that we visited by visiting this largest Greek island. The content complements the current news, photographs and recipes of Greek cuisine.

What is not the Mediterranean diet?

A few weeks ago, researchers from Greece and Spain dealing with the Mediterranean diet published an article on what the Mediterranean diet is NOT . The authors of the report include Antonio Trichopoulou and Miguel Ángel Martínez-González , who have had a lot of research and reviews on this way of eating. This time, however, the scientists decided to deal with the common myths and misconceptions that arose around the Mediterranean diet.

Mediterranean diet
Each of us has met many times with opinions about the health impact of the Mediterranean diet. These opinions are not unfounded, because the wide beneficial effects of this diet are confirmed by numerous scientific studies. Unfortunately, apart from reliable scientific studies available in specialist press, there are also many much simplified information on the use of such a diet.

Problems related to the correct definition appear not only among consumers, but also in the group of "professionals" speaking on the subject. Some articles about the Mediterranean diet mislead readers because they define this type of diet as a diet that meets at least two of the nine traditional characteristics of the Mediterranean diet (!). Meanwhile, a diet understood in this way is basically useless, because there is no such thing as a minimum plan. Likewise, there is a frequent conviction that it is enough to include only certain components characteristic of this diet in order to recognize that we are using the Mediterranean diet. Unfortunately, but drinking wine with meals (even moderate amounts) and eating more nuts will hardly make our Mediterranean diet. ;-)

It is worth to explain the basic assumptions and deal with the commonly prevailing myths. The more so because it is about what to crumble copies because the correctly understood and applied idea of ​​the Mediterranean diet effectively counteracts many chronic illnesses. It is worth mentioning such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity. It is obvious that reducing the risk of these diseases increases our chances for a long and healthy life.

The origin of the concept of the Mediterranean diet

It is necessary to know that the concept of the traditional MedDiet ( Mediterranean Diet ) was based on the diet of the Cretans, parts of Greeks and Italians, which prevailed there before the mid-1960s. At that time, the rates of chronic diseases in these areas were among the lowest in the world, and life expectancy was one of the highest. The 1960s set a conventional boundary followed by globalization, which also influenced what the current Mediterranean people eat and how.

MedDiet relies on the use of the general pattern of nutrition and not on the consumption of individual products used in this diet. As the authors emphasize, it is possible to use the traditional Mediterranean diet in countries far from the Mediterranean, but this requires many changes in eating habits. Something that is natural for the people of Greece, is no longer for people living in the north of Europe or in America. The availability of products, especially fresh vegetables and fruits, is one of the pillars of this diet. Also, high-quality oil, cheap and easily available in Greece, in other countries is an expensive fat that is even considered a luxury product.

It is often mistakenly assumed that the Mediterranean diet is low in fat. It is just the opposite, because the overall fat content is relatively high and ranges from 30-45%. The main source is virgin olive oil (minium 15%). The owners of Greek taverns and houses know very well that no one regrets here the oil and abundantly topping it with both raw vegetables and cooked food. It's never symbolic of precisely measured quantities, just a solid portion of oil poured straight out of the bottle.

The presence of extra virgin olive oil on the tables is the basis of this diet, and the Cretans / Greeks use it almost for everything. Rich in active polyphenols and anti-oxidants Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVVO) has been repeatedly indicated in scientific studies as the main source of health. It is worth knowing that it can not be replaced by any other product. According to scientific studies, oils of lower quality do not have such pro-health properties.

In addition to consuming a large amount of oil in the Mediterranean diet at the bottom of the pyramid there are legumes, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Slightly higher are dairy products and fish and seafood, while meat appears the least. Sweets occur occasionally in it. A typical dessert consisted of fresh fruit instead of ice cream, cakes, sweets or creamy desserts. Sweet pastries were reserved for special occasions. Such a model of nutrition did not result from fashion, but was dictated by the limited availability of products and the poverty prevailing at that time.

Greek salad

Mythology of the Mediterranean diet

What other misunderstandings about the Mediterranean diet most often appear in studies devoted to this topic?

The researchers decided to search and read the available publications on the subject. The search covered various articles in different languages ​​(English, Spanish, Italian, French) made available until May 2017. Below we present the conclusions that have been collected.

  • The traditional Mediterranean diet is not a vegetarian diet. It is a diet based primarily on vegetables and fruits but meat consumption is the most acceptable, but rather in small amounts.
  • MedDiet allows moderate alcohol consumption. Especially the wine always served during meals. Getting drunk or preferring beer instead of wine is not part of the traditional Mediterranean diet.
  • An interesting myth is the presence of avocado in this diet. Although its consumption is as healthy as possible, avocado is not a part of this nutritional diet. This plant does not originate from this region of the world and is not a traditional ingredient of local traditional cuisine.
  • A similar situation applies to tofu, margarine or quinoa. These products have never been the basis of a diet in Greece.
  • An interesting misunderstanding is the combination of nutrition methods from different parts of the world with MedDiet . The Japanese-Mediterranean or Indo-Mediterranean diet has already been established on this basis. It must be remembered that seaweed and soy were never part of the traditional Mediterranean diet.
  • Allowing the use of unsaturated fatty food oils other than olive oil. Alternative liquid oils are not typical of a traditional Mediterranean diet. Properly understood, MedDiet requires the use of high quality olive oil as the main fat for cooking.

Does this mean that everything eaten by Southerners is healthy?

Unfortunately, no, because the contemporary style of feeding the Greeks is less and less like the traditional model of the Mediterranean diet. Globalization, greater wealth and the availability of finished products reflect the negative mark on the kitchen habits of the inhabitants of Greece. Change of habits is visible to the naked eye. Obesity is not the result of adding a large amount of oil to vegetables only excess sugar, meat and fatty snacks. A negative example may be fries being a popular addition to many dishes. Potatoes fried in deep oil definitely do not belong to the MedDiet canon. In addition, it is worth knowing that the producers of other oils are constantly working hard to make the Greeks convert their fantastic oil to other fats, which unfortunately are not so healthy.

The Greeks have slowly stopped eating their traditional food, which is one of the healthiest in the world. More and more of them eat meat every day, not once a month like half a century ago. In their modern diet, processed and caloric food is becoming more and more popular. Greeks are increasingly willing to reach for fast food, which often drink carbonated carbonated beverages.

source: www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/9/11/1226

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Komentarze

 Tomasz Stopa
Tomasz Stopa
2017-12-17 23:02:12

Znakomity artykuł. Zwłaszcza jego podsumowanie bardzo trafne. W tej chwili chyba większość nas, Polaków lepiej odżywia się niż Grecy, zwłaszcza ci młodzi... Ci ostatni są już "zamerykanizowani" w 100 % i nie mają pojęcia co to kuchnia grecka... A tak na marginesie jest różnica pomiędzy "dietą śródziemnomorską", a "kreteńską" i to właśnie tak naprawdę ta ostatnia jest uważana za najzdrowszą na świecie. Oczywiście w badaniach i literaturze dla uproszczenia używa się sformułowania "dieta śródziemnomorska". W porównaniu jednak do innych "dieta kreteńska" opierała się na jedzeniu dużo większej ilości owoców i warzyw, a mniejszej ryb. Mięso w zasadzie tylko w niedziele i święta. Za to oliwa... hulaj dusza. Około 35 litrów na statystycznego Kreteńczyka rocznie... ;)

2
 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2017-12-18 07:33:56

Tak, zgadza się. Taka dieta była wymuszona przez życie. Jedli to co było dostępne: warzywa, oliwki, oliwę. Mięsa mieli mało więc gościło na stołach rzadko. Obecnie w porównaniu z tamtymi czasami nie mogą narzekać, stąd obecność nadmiaru jedzenia i fast foodów.

1
 Beata Ka
Beata Ka
2017-12-18 07:18:13

Myślę, że dieta śródziemnomorska to nie tylko jedzenie - to styl życia, harmonogram posiłków i słońce. Dopiero w połączeniu dawało niesamowity efekt, którego niestety już nie widać.

2
 CRETE - Kreta
CRETE - Kreta
2017-12-18 07:35:02

Powoli odchodzi pokolenie stulatków którzy dożyli tego wieku na zdrowej diecie.

 Maria Małecka
Maria Małecka
2017-12-20 14:14:00

Znakomity artykuł. Seria przemian prowadzi do powstania nowych zmiennych zasad żywienia ,poglądów na siebie i świat

1

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