Crete has always had a special place in the heart of Nikos Kazantsakis. Born on February 18, 1885 in Heraklion, thanks to the care of his parents, he came a long way to becoming one of the most important writers of contemporary Greek literature. Always faithful to his passions and beliefs, he rarely counted on the opinions of other people. In his life, he pointed to dreams and journeys as one of the greatest inspirations, which in 1957 contributed to the fact that the history of his life and work ended.
Nikos Kazantsakis's health condition, due to the diagnosis of leukemia diagnosed in 1953, aroused the concerns of his relatives for a long time. Even so, four years later, this avid traveler was still unable to refuse to travel again. In 1957, at the age of 74, he decided to take a tiring trip to China and Japan. He also planned to spend Christmas this year in Heraklion.
Age and reduced immunity caused by leukemia contributed to the fact that during the return journey Nikos Kazantsakis fell ill. According to some sources, he was supposed to fall for one of the Asian flu. In severe condition, he was transported to Freiburg, where one of the best clinics of that time operated. Despite the doctors' efforts, on October 26, 1957, Nikos Kazantsakis died.
The death of Nikos Kazantsakis will cause a great stir in Greece. According to the will of the deceased, the body was to be buried in Heraklion, the city where the history of his life began. Earlier, however, at the request of Eleni, Kazantsakis's wife, the writer's mortal remains were to be exposed to public view in Athens, enabling the people of the Greek capital to pay him due respect.
Eleni wanted her husband's body to be exhibited in the Athenian cathedral. It is worth mentioning here that Nikos Kazantsakis for his book "The Last Temptation of Christ" was excommunicated by the Greek Orthodox Church. It should not come as a surprise that this request aroused great confusion in the local church authorities. Archbishop Theoklitos, the then Orthodox superior of Athens and Greece, afraid of the reaction of extreme church environments, strongly rejected this proposal. The decision was not able to change either Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou or representative of the then government of Th. Sperantzas.
Eventually over the next few days, Kazantsakis's body remained at the funeral home in the cemetery in Athens, where he was waiting for the transfer to Heraklion. It happened only on November 4, when the coffin with the writer's body was transported by air to Heraklion.
At 16.30 a special plane landed at the local airport, where over 700 people gathered. Cretan patriarchs, feeling the support of the local population were not afraid to accept the coffin with the body of Nikos Kazantsakis. Until the commencement of the funeral ceremony, it was exhibited in the interior of the Agios Minas cathedral, where ceremonies dedicated to the writer's memory were also organized.
On Tuesday, November 5, 1957, just before 11 o'clock in the morning the actual funeral ceremony began. By the decision of Mr. Karamanlis, then President of Greece, the funeral of Nikos Kazantsakis took the form of public celebrations in which not only the large numbers of the inhabitants of Heraklion participated, but also representatives of the Greek authorities and the world of culture. After placing the wreaths, the coffin was to be transported to the area of the Martinengo bastion.
In this last journey, Nikos Kazantsakis was accompanied by thousands of people forming a gigantic funeral retinue. The raised atmosphere of this event has long remained in the memory of all participants of this event.
The grave of Nikos Kazantsakis
Today, at the top of the Martinengo bastion, there is a small modest tombstone bearing the significant words of Nikos Kazantsakis: I do not expect anything. I'm not afraid of anything. I'm free. (Δεν ελπίζω τίποτα, δε φοβούμαι τίποτα, είμαι λέφτερος.)
Early on the morning of October 28, 1940, at about 3 o'clock, just after the end of the sumptuous banquet that took place at the German embassy, Emanuele Grazzi went to the house of Joanis Metaksas. The Italian ambassador gave the Greek Prime Minister an ultimatum that contained a number of demands. Among them were the possibility of free passage of Italian troops to the Greek-Albanian border, control over airports, ports and other strategic places located on the territory of Greece.
The history of Crete from the classical period to the first years of freedom. The increasing significance of Athens causes a drastic reduction in the political and cult role of Crete. In 67 BC, the island gets into the hands of the Romans, who are beginning to introduce their orders. Gortyna becomes the capital of the Roman province called Crete-Kyrene. The Romans are building infrastructure: roads, aqueducts, temples and theaters. Agriculture and culture are developing. All of Greece at this time becomes a Roman province, although its rich culture begins to influence the achievements of the Romans
The symbolic beginning of the street August 25 marks the former Lion Square with the famous Morosini fountain, its end is defined by the sea and harbor buildings. I do not think there is a nicer pedestrian street in Heraklion. Going down the street, we can see the blue of the sea from a distance and the multitude of various pubs invites to take a break in sightseeing. But have you ever wondered if you walk this beautifully landscaped street, where did its name come from? What actually happened that day in 1898, that one of the main streets of the city of Hercules was named this date? Street on August 25 in Heraklion